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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repository.iitr.ac.in/handle/123456789/9633
Title: Partial replacement of dietary buffalo meat on the bone with chicken carcass improves serum antioxidant profile of zoo-housed Indian leopards (Panthera pardus fusca)
Authors: Sarode R.M.
Das A.
Verma A.K.
Singh P.
Saini M.
Bhardwaj Y.
Sharma A.K.
Published in: Zoo Biology
Abstract: This experiment was conducted to study the effect of gradual replacement of dietary buffalo meat on the bone (BMB) with chicken carcass (CC) on nutrient utilization, serum cortisol, and total serum antioxidant profile of zoo-housed Indian leopard. Twelve adult leopards were randomly distributed into a replicated Latin square design comprising three treatments, three periods, four animals, and three sequences. Leopards in group T 1 were fed normal zoo diet of BMB. On the basis of dry matter, 10% and 20% of BMB was replaced with CC in groups T 2 and T 3 , respectively. Each experimental period comprised 21 days. During each period, a digestion trial of 4-day collection period was conducted after an adaptation period of 17 days. On Day 21 of each experimental period, blood was collected from all the animals by puncturing the ventral coccygial vein. Intake and apparent digestibility of major nutrients were similar among the groups. Replacement of 20% BMB with addition of CC increased (p < 0.001) the calculated supply of I, niacin, and vitamin A. Carotenoid intake increased (p < 0.01) with increased level of CC in the diet. Serum concentration of cortisol decreased (p < 0.01) whereas serum concentration of total carotenoids increased (p < 0.001) with increased level of CC in the diet. Serum concentration of antioxidant enzymes increased (p < 0.001) with increased level of CC in the diet. It was concluded that replacement of 20% of BMB with CC increased antioxidant profile. This may reduce oxidative stress in zoo-housed Indian leopards without any adverse effect on nutrient utilization. © 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Citation: Zoo Biology (2019), 38(3): 292-304
URI: https://doi.org/10.1002/zoo.21485
http://repository.iitr.ac.in/handle/123456789/9633
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Wiley-Liss Inc.
Keywords: broiler meat
carabeef
carotenoids
Panthera pardus, stress
total antioxidant activity
ISSN: 7333188
Author Scopus IDs: 57014864000
7403597064
24449767100
55649567502
35600683000
57202860641
57203774408
Author Affiliations: Sarode, R.M., Centre for Advanced Faculty Training in Animal Nutrition, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly, India
Das, A., Centre for Advanced Faculty Training in Animal Nutrition, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly, India
Verma, A.K., Centre for Advanced Faculty Training in Animal Nutrition, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly, India
Singh, P., Centre for Advanced Faculty Training in Animal Nutrition, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly, India
Saini, M., Animal Biochemistry Division, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly, India
Bhardwaj, Y., Pandit G.B. Pant High Altitude Zoo, Nainintal, India
Sharma, A.K., Centre for Wildlife Conservation, Management and Disease Surveillance, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly, India
Funding Details: The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the Director, Pandit G. B. Pant High Altitude Zoo, Nainital and the Director, Indian Veterinary Research Institute for providing necessary facilities to carry out this study program. First author acknowledges the financial support provided Director of ICAR‐IVRI through Institutional Fellowship program. We would like to thank the two anonymous reviewers whose comments and suggestions have greatly improved this manuscript.
Corresponding Author: Das, A.; Centre for Advanced Faculty Training in Animal Nutrition, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research InstituteIndia; email: drasitdas@rediffmail.com
Appears in Collections:Journal Publications [MS]

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