|Title:||Rhizofiltration of a Heavy Metal (Lead) Containing Wastewater Using the Wetland Plant Carex pendula|
|Authors:||Yadav, Brijesh K.|
van Bruggen J.J.A.
|Published in:||Clean - Soil, Air, Water|
|Abstract:||Rhizofiltration is a subset technique of phytoremediation which refers to the approach of using plant biomass for removing contaminants, primarily toxic metals, from polluted water. The effective implementation of this in situ remediation technology requires experimental as well as conceptual insight of plant-water interactions that control the extraction of targeted metal from polluted water resources. Therefore, pot and simulation experiments are used in this study to investigate the rhizofiltration of a lead containing wastewater using plants of Carex pendula, a common wetland plant found in Europe. The metal contaminant extraction along with plant growth and water uptake rates from a wastewater having varying Pb concentration is studied experimentally for 2wk. The temporal distribution of the metal concentration in the wastewater and the accumulated metal in different compartments of C. pendula at the end are analyzed using atomic absorption spectrometry. Parameters of the metal uptake kinetics are deduced experimentally for predicting the metal removal by root biomass. Further, mass balance equations coupled with the characterized metal uptake kinetics are used for simulating the metal partitioning from the wastewater to its accumulation in the plant biomass. The simulated metal content in wastewater and plant biomass is compared with the observed data showing a good agreement with the later. Results show that C. pendula accumulates considerable amounts of lead, particularly in root biomass, and can be considered for the cleanup of lead contaminated wastewaters in combination with proper biomass disposal alternatives. Also, the findings can be used for performing further non-hydroponics experiment to mimic the real wetland conditions more closely. The process of rhizofiltration of lead containing wastewater using Carex pendula was investigated. Pot experiments combined with modeling of movement and fate of the heavy metal in the water-plant system demonstrate that C. pendula accumulates considerable amounts of lead, particularly in root biomass. © 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.|
|Citation:||Clean - Soil, Air, Water (2011), 39(5): 467-474|
|Author Scopus IDs:||57209494362|
|Author Affiliations:||Yadav, B.K., Environmental Hydrogeology Group, Department of Earth Sciences within Faculty of Geosciences, University of Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands, Current affiliation: Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, Department of Civil Engineering, New Delhi, India|
Siebel, M.A., Department of Environmental Resources, UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, Delft, Netherlands
van Bruggen, J.J.A., Department of Environmental Resources, UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, Delft, Netherlands
|Corresponding Author:||Yadav, B.K.; Environmental Hydrogeology Group, Department of Earth Sciences within Faculty of Geosciences, University of Utrecht, Budapestlaan 4, P.O. Box 80021, 3508 TA Utrecht, Netherlands; email: email@example.com|
|Appears in Collections:||Journal Publications [HY]|
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