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Title: Improving real time flood forecasting using fuzzy inference system
Authors: Lohani A.K.
Goel, Narendra Kumar
Bhatia K.K.S.
Published in: Journal of Hydrology
Abstract: In order to improve the real time forecasting of foods, this paper proposes a modified Takagi Sugeno (T-S) fuzzy inference system termed as threshold subtractive clustering based Takagi Sugeno (TSC-T-S) fuzzy inference system by introducing the concept of rare and frequent hydrological situations in fuzzy modeling system. The proposed modified fuzzy inference systems provide an option of analyzing and computing cluster centers and membership functions for two different hydrological situations, i.e. low to medium flows (frequent events) as well as high to very high flows (rare events) generally encountered in real time flood forecasting. The methodology has been applied for flood forecasting using the hourly rainfall and river flow data of upper Narmada basin, Central India. The available rainfall-runoff data has been classified in frequent and rare events and suitable TSC-T-S fuzzy model structures have been suggested for better forecasting of river flows. The performance of the model during calibration and validation is evaluated by performance indices such as root mean square error (RMSE), model efficiency and coefficient of correlation (R). In flood forecasting, it is very important to know the performance of flow forecasting model in predicting higher magnitude flows. The above described performance criteria do not express the prediction ability of the model precisely from higher to low flow region. Therefore, a new model performance criterion termed as peak percent threshold statistics (PPTS) is proposed to evaluate the performance of a flood forecasting model. The developed model has been tested for different lead periods using hourly rainfall and discharge data. Further, the proposed fuzzy model results have been compared with artificial neural networks (ANN), ANN models for different classes identified by Self Organizing Map (SOM) and subtractive clustering based Takagi Sugeno fuzzy model (SC-T-S fuzzy model). It has been concluded from the study that the TSC-T-S fuzzy model provide reasonably accurate forecast with sufficient lead-time. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
Citation: Journal of Hydrology (2014), 509(): 25-41
Issue Date: 2014
Keywords: Artificial neural network
Flood forecasting
Fuzzy inference system
Lead period
Self Organizing Map
Subtractive clustering
ISSN: 221694
Author Scopus IDs: 6602080269
Author Affiliations: Lohani, A.K., National Institute of Hydrology, Jal Vigyan Bhawan, Roorkee 247667, India
Goel, N.K., Department of Hydrology, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee 247667, India
Bhatia, K.K.S., Poornima Group of Institutions, Jaipur, India
Corresponding Author: Lohani, A.K.; National Institute of Hydrology, Jal Vigyan Bhawan, Roorkee 247667, India; email:
Appears in Collections:Journal Publications [HY]

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