|Title:||Accumulation and transformation of benzo[a]pyrene in Haplic Chernozem under artificial contamination|
Yadav, Brijesh K.
|Published in:||Environmental Geochemistry and Health|
|Abstract:||Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) have been a major concern because of their carcinogenicity, mutagenicity, teratogenicity and wide distribution in the environment. Over 90% of PAHs in the environment exist on soil surface/sediment. Benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) is one of the predominant PAHs in soil. Thus, it is critically important to understand the patterns of BaP accumulation and transformation peculiarities in soil for the risk assessment. The studies were conducted in model experiment with Haplic Chernozem spiked with various doses of BaP (20, 200, 400 and 800 µg kg−1) equivalent to 1, 10, 20 and 40 levels of maximum permissible concentrations. The unique properties of Haplic Chernozem were studied allow to accumulate and transform BaP as well as barley plants ability to absorb of some BaP concentration. Extraction of BaP from the soil was carried out by the saponification method. The qualitative and quantitative determination of BaP and other polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) was performed by high-performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection (Agilent 1260 Germany, 2014). BaP accumulation in soil depended on the applied BaP concentrations in Haplic Chernozem. Studying the features of PAHs transformation in the soil of a model experiment 1 year after the compound application showed the BaP content in the soil decreased up to 11–40%. Two years after the BaP application the content in the soil decreased up to 15–44% from the initial BaP content in the soil. The percentage of BaP concentration reduction in Haplic Chernozem increased with an increase in the dose of the applied xenobiotic. An increase in the dose of the applied pollutant to the soil of the model experiment contributed to an increase in all PAHs, which indicated a rapid BaP transformation in Haplic Chernozem. The PAHs content in the soils of model experiment in the first year of the research formed the following descending series: pyrene > chrysene > fluoranthene > phenanthrene. In the second year of research the phenanthrene content became higher than the fluoranthene content. The content of these compounds exceeded 20% of the total PAHs content in the soil samples in the first and second years of the model experiment. The features of PAHs accumulation and transformation in soils under artificial pollution showed the degradation of large-nuclear PAHs, starting from 5-ring polyarenes, and their structural reorganization into the less-nuclear polyarenes, such as 4-, 3-, and 2-ring PAHs. During the 2 years of the model experiment the BaP concentration in the soil decreased up to 15–44% from the initial BaP content in the soil. © 2019, Springer Nature B.V.|
|Citation:||Environmental Geochemistry and Health (2020), 42(8): 2485-2494|
|Author Scopus IDs:||15063165400|
|Author Affiliations:||Minkina, T., Southern Federal University, Stachki Prospect, 194/1, Rostov-on-Don, 344090, Russian Federation|
Sushkova, S., Southern Federal University, Stachki Prospect, 194/1, Rostov-on-Don, 344090, Russian Federation
Yadav, B.K., Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, India
Rajput, V., Southern Federal University, Stachki Prospect, 194/1, Rostov-on-Don, 344090, Russian Federation
Mandzhieva, S., Southern Federal University, Stachki Prospect, 194/1, Rostov-on-Don, 344090, Russian Federation
Nazarenko, O., The Federal State Budgetary Establishment, The State Center of Agrochemical Service ‘Rostovsky’, Rostov Region, Russian Federation
|Funding Details:||This research was funded by the financial support of the Project of the Southern Federal University.|
|Corresponding Author:||Sushkova, S.; Southern Federal University, Stachki Prospect, 194/1, Russian Federation; email: email@example.com|
|Appears in Collections:||Journal Publications [HY]|
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