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Title: Workplace democracy and psychological capital: a paradigm shift in workplace
Authors: Han K.-S.
Garg, Pooja
Published in: Management Research Review
Abstract: Purpose: This paper aims to explore the role of workplace democracy in generating psychological capital, which is an inevitable paradigm for the contemporary organizations. The study also provides a conceptual framework which connotes the nexus between the two constructs. Design/methodology/approach: The study is qualitative in nature and uses content analysis to identify the determinants of workplace democracy and psychological capital. Furthermore, the study used SPSS macro, i.e. PROCESS, a computational tool for calculating inter-coder reliability by using KALPHA, i.e. Krippendorff’s alpha reliability estimate (Hayes, 2013; Krippendorff, 2011). Findings: The present study adds to the literature by signaling the dire need for building democratic workplaces and offers significant insights for the management and human resource practitioners to cultivate workplace democracy to build their employees’ psychological strengths, which in turn will result in enhanced organizational outcomes. Originality/value: The present study brings attention toward the necessity for a shift in the generic organizational strategies and instigate organizations to nurture a democratic setup for developing employees’ psychological capital. © 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited.
Citation: Management Research Review (2018), 41(9): 1088-1116
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing Ltd.
Keywords: Human resource management
Inter-coder reliability
Positive psychology
Psychological Capital
Workplace democracy
ISSN: 20408269
Author Scopus IDs: 57202849310
Author Affiliations: Han, K.-S., Department of Creative HRD, Incheon National University, Incheon, South Korea
Garg, P., Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, India
Corresponding Author: Garg, P.; Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology RoorkeeIndia; email:
Appears in Collections:Journal Publications [HS]

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