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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repository.iitr.ac.in/handle/123456789/8481
Title: New vegetation type map of India prepared using satellite remote sensing: Comparison with global vegetation maps and utilities
Authors: Roy P.S.
Behera M.D.
Murthy M.S.R.
Roy A.
Singh S.
Kushwaha S.P.S.
Jha C.S.
Sudhakar S.
Joshi P.K.
Reddy C.S.
Gupta S.
Pujar G.
Dutt C.B.S.
Srivastava V.K.
Porwal M.C.
Tripathi P.
Singh J.S.
Chitale V.
Skidmore A.K.
Rajshekhar G.
Kushwaha D.
Karnatak H.
Saran S.
Giriraj A.
Padalia H.
Kale M.
Nandy S.
Jeganathan C.
Singh C.P.
Biradar C.M.
Pattanaik C.
Singh, Dharmendra Prasad
Devagiri G.M.
Talukdar G.
Panigrahy R.K.
Singh H.
Sharma J.R.
Haridasan K.
Trivedi S.
Singh K.P.
Kannan L.
Daniel M.
Misra M.K.
Niphadkar M.
Nagabhatla N.
Prasad N.
Tripathi O.P.
Rama Chandra Prasad P.
Dash P.
Qureshi Q.
Tripathi S.K.
Ramesh B.R.
Gowda B.
Tomar S.
Romshoo S.
Giriraj S.
Ravan S.A.
Behera S.K.
Paul S.
Das A.K.
Ranganath B.K.
Singh T.P.
Sahu T.R.
Shankar U.
Menon A.R.R.
Srivastava G.
Neeti
Sharma S.
Mohapatra U.B.
Peddi A.
Rashid H.
Salroo I.
Hari Krishna P.
Hajra P.K.
Vergheese A.O.
Matin S.
Chaudhary S.A.
Ghosh S.
Lakshmi U.
Rawat D.
Ambastha K.
Malik A.H.
Devi B.S.S.
Sharma K.C.
Mukharjee P.
Sharma A.
Davidar P.
Raju R.R.V.
Katewa S.S.
Kant S.
Raju V.S.
Uniyal B.P.
Debnath B.
Rout D.K.
Thapa R.
Joseph S.
Chhetri P.
Ramachandran R.M.
Published in: International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation
Abstract: A seamless vegetation type map of India (scale 1: 50,000) prepared using medium-resolution IRS LISS-III images is presented. The map was created using an on-screen visual interpretation technique and has an accuracy of 90%, as assessed using 15,565 ground control points. India has hitherto been using potential vegetation/forest type map prepared by Champion and Seth in 1968. We characterized and mapped further the vegetation type distribution in the country in terms of occurrence and distribution, area occupancy, percentage of protected area (PA) covered by each vegetation type, range of elevation, mean annual temperature and precipitation over the past 100 years. A remote sensing-amenable hierarchical classification scheme that accommodates natural and semi-natural systems was conceptualized, and the natural vegetation was classified into forests, scrub/shrub lands and grasslands on the basis of extent of vegetation cover. We discuss the distribution and potential utility of the vegetation type map in a broad range of ecological, climatic and conservation applications from global, national and local perspectives. Weused 15,565 ground control points to assess the accuracy of products available globally (i.e., GlobCover, Holdridge's life zone map and potential natural vegetation (PNV) maps). Hence we recommend that the map prepared herein be used widely. This vegetation type map is the most comprehensive one developed for India so far. It was prepared using 23.5m seasonal satellite remote sensing data, field samples and information relating to the biogeography, climate and soil. The digital map is now available through a web portal (http://bis.iirs.gov.in). © 2015 Elsevier B.V.
Citation: International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation (2015), 39(): 142-159
URI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jag.2015.03.003
http://repository.iitr.ac.in/handle/123456789/8481
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Keywords: Accuracy assessment
Climate
Forest type
GPS
Visual interpretation
ISSN: 15698432
Author Scopus IDs: 56909353000
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Author Affiliations: Roy, P.S., University Center of Earth and Space Science, University of Hyderabad, Prof. C. R. Rao Road, Gachibouli, Hyderabad, 500046 AP, India
Behera, M.D., Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, West Bengal, 721302, India
Murthy, M.S.R., International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, G.P.O. Box 3226, Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Kathmandu, Nepal
Roy, A., International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, G.P.O. Box 3226, Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Kathmandu, Nepal
Singh, S., Indian Institute of Remote Sensing, 4 Kalidas Road, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, 248001, India
Kushwaha, S.P.S., Indian Institute of Remote Sensing, 4 Kalidas Road, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, 248001, India
Jha, C.S., TERI University, New Delhi, 110070, India
Sudhakar, S., North Eastern Space Application Center, Umiam, Meghalaya, 793103, India
Joshi, P.K., National Remote Sensing Center, Balanagar, Hyderabad, 500037, India
Reddy, C.S., National Remote Sensing Center, Balanagar, Hyderabad, 500037, India
Gupta, S., Indian Institute of Remote Sensing, 4 Kalidas Road, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, 248001, India
Pujar, G., National Remote Sensing Center, Balanagar, Hyderabad, 500037, India
Dutt, C.B.S., National Remote Sensing Center, Balanagar, Hyderabad, 500037, India
Srivastava, V.K., National Remote Sensing Center, Balanagar, Hyderabad, 500037, India
Porwal, M.C., International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, G.P.O. Box 3226, Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Kathmandu, Nepal
Tripathi, P., Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, West Bengal, 721302, India
Singh, J.S., Department of Botany, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, 221005, India
Chitale, V., Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, West Bengal, 721302, India
Skidmore, A.K., Faculty of Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation (ITC), University of Twente, P.O. Box 217, Enschede, 7500 AE, Netherlands
Rajshekhar, G., National Remote Sensing Center, Balanagar, Hyderabad, 500037, India
Kushwaha, D., Indian Institute of Remote Sensing, 4 Kalidas Road, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, 248001, India
Karnatak, H., Indian Institute of Remote Sensing, 4 Kalidas Road, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, 248001, India
Saran, S., Indian Institute of Remote Sensing, 4 Kalidas Road, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, 248001, India
Giriraj, A., International Water Management Institute, P. O. Box 2075, Colombo, Sri Lanka
Padalia, H., Indian Institute of Remote Sensing, 4 Kalidas Road, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, 248001, India
Kale, M., CDAC, RMZ Westend Cntr.-3, Westend IT Park, Nagras Rd, Aundh, Pune, Maharashtra, 411007, India
Nandy, S., Indian Institute of Remote Sensing, 4 Kalidas Road, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, 248001, India
Jeganathan, C., BITS Mesra, Ranchi, Jharkhand, 835215, India
Singh, C.P., Space Application Center, Jodhpur Tekra, Ambawadi Vistar P.O., Ahmedabad, Gujarat, 380015, India
Biradar, C.M., Indian Institute of Remote Sensing, 4 Kalidas Road, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, 248001, India, International Center for Agricultural Research in Dry Areas (ICARDA), CGIAR, Amman, Jordan
Pattanaik, C., National Remote Sensing Center, Balanagar, Hyderabad, 500037, India
Singh, D.K., Indian Institute of Remote Sensing, 4 Kalidas Road, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, 248001, India
Devagiri, G.M., College of Forestry, University of Agricultural and Horticultural Sciences Shimoga, Ponnampet, Coorg District, Karnataka, India
Talukdar, G., Wildlife Institute of India, Post Box #18, Chandrabani, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, 248001, India
Panigrahy, R.K., CDAC, RMZ Westend Cntr.-3, Westend IT Park, Nagras Rd, Aundh, Pune, Maharashtra, 411007, India
Singh, H., Indian Institute of Remote Sensing, 4 Kalidas Road, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, 248001, India
Sharma, J.R., National Remote Sensing Center, Balanagar, Hyderabad, 500037, India
Haridasan, K., Arunachal Pradesh Forest Department, Itanagar, Arunachal Pradesh, India
Trivedi, S., RRSC, ISITE Campus, Outer Ring Road, Marathahalli, Bangalore, Karnataka, 560 037, India
Singh, K.P., Indian Institute of Remote Sensing, 4 Kalidas Road, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, 248001, India
Kannan, L., Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar, Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu, 608 002, India
Daniel, M., MSU, Baroda, Vadodara, Gujarat, India
Misra, M.K., Berhampur University, Berhampur, Odisha, 760007, India
Niphadkar, M., Space Application Center, Jodhpur Tekra, Ambawadi Vistar P.O., Ahmedabad, Gujarat, 380015, India
Nagabhatla, N., United Nations University (UNU-INWEH), Institute for Water, Environment and Health, Hamilton, L8P 0A1, Canada
Prasad, N., Indian Institute of Remote Sensing, 4 Kalidas Road, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, 248001, India
Tripathi, O.P., North East Hill University, Umshing Mawkynroh Shillong, Meghalaya, 793022, India
Rama Chandra Prasad, P., IIIT, Old Mumbai Road, Gachibowli, Hyderabad, Telangana, 500032, India
Dash, P., Indian Institute of Remote Sensing, 4 Kalidas Road, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, 248001, India
Qureshi, Q., Wildlife Institute of India, Post Box #18, Chandrabani, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, 248001, India
Tripathi, S.K., North East Hill University, Umshing Mawkynroh Shillong, Meghalaya, 793022, India
Ramesh, B.R., International Center for Agricultural Research in Dry Areas (ICARDA), CGIAR, Amman, Jordan
Gowda, B., University of Agricultural Sciences, GKVK, Bangalore, 560 065, India
Tomar, S., World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), Pusa, New Delhi, 110012, India
Romshoo, S., University of Kashmir, Hazratbal, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, 190006, India
Giriraj, S., National Remote Sensing Center, Balanagar, Hyderabad, 500037, India
Ravan, S.A., UNSPIDER Beijing Office, Beijing, China
Behera, S.K., National Botanical Research Institute, Sikandarbagh, Rana Pratap Marg, Lucknow, U.P., 226001, India
Paul, S., Forestry and GIS Consultant at Louis Berger, Information Technology and Services, New Delhi, India
Das, A.K., Assam University, Silchar Assam, 788 011, India
Ranganath, B.K., RRSC, ISITE Campus, Outer Ring Road, Marathahalli, Bangalore, Karnataka, 560 037, India
Singh, T.P., Symbiosis Institute of Geoinformatics, Model Colony, Pune, India
Sahu, T.R., Hari Singh Gaur University, Sagar, 470113, India
Shankar, U., GBPIHED, Kosi-katarmal, Almora, Uttarakhand, India
Menon, A.R.R., Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi P.O., Thrissur District, Kerala, 680653, India
Srivastava, G., National Remote Sensing Center, Balanagar, Hyderabad, 500037, India
Neeti, Space Application Center, Jodhpur Tekra, Ambawadi Vistar P.O., Ahmedabad, Gujarat, 380015, India
Sharma, S., GBPIHED, Kosi-katarmal, Almora, Uttarakhand, India
Mohapatra, U.B., North Orissa University, Takatpur, Baripada, Mayurbhanj, Odisha, 757003, India
Peddi, A., National Remote Sensing Center, Balanagar, Hyderabad, 500037, India
Rashid, H., University of Kashmir, Hazratbal, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, 190006, India
Salroo, I., University of Kashmir, Hazratbal, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, 190006, India
Hari Krishna, P., National Remote Sensing Center, Balanagar, Hyderabad, 500037, India
Hajra, P.K., Botanical Survey of India, CGO Comp, M.S.O. Bldg, Bl. F, DF Blk, Sec. I, Salt Lake City, Kolkata, 700 064, India
Vergheese, A.O., R.R.S.C. NBSS and LUP Campus, Amravati Road, Nagpur, Maharashtra, 440 010, India
Matin, S., Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, West Bengal, 721302, India
Chaudhary, S.A., Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, West Bengal, 721302, India
Ghosh, S., Faculty, Wildlife Institute of India, Chandrabani, Dehra Dun, India
Lakshmi, U., National Remote Sensing Center, Balanagar, Hyderabad, 500037, India
Rawat, D., International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, G.P.O. Box 3226, Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Kathmandu, Nepal
Ambastha, K., National Remote Sensing Center, Balanagar, Hyderabad, 500037, India
Malik, A.H., University of Kashmir, Hazratbal, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, 190006, India
Devi, B.S.S., National Remote Sensing Center, Balanagar, Hyderabad, 500037, India
Sharma, K.C., MDS University, Ajmer, Rajasthan, India
Mukharjee, P., Calcutta University, 87/1, College Street, Kolkata, West Bengal, 700073, India
Sharma, A., Assistant Professor of Natural Resource Management, Lincoln University, United States
Davidar, P., Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Pondicherry University, Pondicherry, India
Raju, R.R.V., SK University, Kadiri - Ananthapur Highway, Kandukuru, Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh, 515591, India
Katewa, S.S., Mohanlal Sukhadia University, Udaipur, Rajasthan, 313001, India
Kant, S., Jammu University, Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir, 180006, India
Raju, V.S., Kakatia University, Vidyaranyapuri, Hanamkonda, Warangal, Andhra Pradesh, 506009, India
Uniyal, B.P., International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, G.P.O. Box 3226, Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Kathmandu, Nepal
Debnath, B., National Remote Sensing Center, Balanagar, Hyderabad, 500037, India
Rout, D.K., CSIR - Institute of Minerals and Materials Technology, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, 751 013, India
Thapa, R., Wildlife Institute of India, Post Box #18, Chandrabani, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, 248001, India
Joseph, S., National Remote Sensing Center, Balanagar, Hyderabad, 500037, India
Chhetri, P., DAMI, Aizawl, Mizoram, 796001, India
Ramachandran, R.M., University Center of Earth and Space Science, University of Hyderabad, Prof. C. R. Rao Road, Gachibouli, Hyderabad, 500046 AP, India
Funding Details: Financial assistance from the Department of Space and Department of Biotechnology, Government of India in the form of a research project is acknowledged. Logistic support from the Forest Department of all Indian states and union territories during fieldwork is also duly acknowledged. The journal color page charges borne by ICIMOD, NEPAL is thankfully acknowledged. Appendix A
Corresponding Author: Roy, P.S.; University Center of Earth and Space Science, University of Hyderabad, Prof. C. R. Rao Road, India; email: psroy13@gmail.com
Appears in Collections:Journal Publications [ECE]

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