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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repository.iitr.ac.in/handle/123456789/6242
Title: Holocene tectono-geomorphic evolution of Haryana plains, Western Ganga plain, India
Authors: Pati, Pitambar
Acharya V.
Verma A.K.
Patel N.K.
Jakhmola R.P.
Dash C.
Sharma V.
Gupta A.
Parkash B.
Awasthi A.K.
Published in: Arabian Journal of Geosciences
Abstract: Haryana plain is the drainage divide between the Ganga plain in the east and the Indus plain in the west. Being a part of the Himalayan foreland, its geomorphology, sedimentation processes, and tectonism are broadly controlled by the Himalayan tectonics. Soil and geomorphological mapping in Haryana plain bring out geomorphic features such as paleochannels, various active drainage patterns, and landforms such as old fluvial plains, floodplains, piedmonts, pediments, terminal fans, and eolian plains. Based on the degree of soil development, and Optical stimulated luminescence (OSL) ages, the soil-geomorphic units were grouped into six members (QIMS-I to VI) (Quaternary Indus Morphostratigraphic Sequence) of a morphostratigraphic sequence: QIMS-VI 9.86–5.38 Ka, QIMS-V 5.38–4.45 Ka, QIMS-IV 4.45–3.60 Ka, QIMS-III 3.60–2.91 Ka, QIMS-II < 2.91–1.52 Ka, and QIMS-I < 1.52 Ka. OSL chronology of different geomorphic features suggests six episodes of tectono-geomorphic evolution in the region since 10 Ka. Neotectonic features such as nine faults, two lineaments, and five fault-bounded tectonic blocks have been identified. Independent tilting and sagging of the blocks in response to neotectonics have resulted in modification of landforms, depositional processes, and hydro-geomorphology of the region. Major rivers like the Yamuna, the Ghaggar, and the Sutlej show different episodes of shifting of their courses. Lineament controlled few extinct channels have been recorded between 20 and 25 m depth below the surface in the ground-penetrating radar (GPR) profiles. These buried channels are aligned along the paleo-course of the Lost Saraswati River interpreted from the existing literature and hence are considered as the course of the lost river. Seven terminal fans have been formed on the downthrown blocks of the associated faults. The Markanda Terminal Fan, the first of such features described, is indeed a splay terminal fan and was formed by a splay distributary system of the Markanda River. Association of three terminal fans of different ages with the Karnal fault indicates the segment-wise development of the fault from west to east. Also, comparison with other such studies in the Ganga plain to further east suggests that the terminal fans formed by streams with distributary drainage pattern occur only in semiarid regions as in the present area and thus are indicators of semiarid climate/paleoclimate. Though the whole region is tectonically active, the region between the Rohtak fault and Hisar fault is most active at present signified by the concentration of earthquake epicenters. © 2018, Saudi Society for Geosciences.
Citation: Arabian Journal of Geosciences (2018), 11(13): -
URI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12517-018-3714-0
http://repository.iitr.ac.in/handle/123456789/6242
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Keywords: Ganga plain
Haryana plain
Neotectonics
Terminal fan
Vedic Saraswati
ISSN: 18667511
Author Scopus IDs: 27868037700
36664159400
57194069402
57202893887
54380000800
56688281500
57212920998
57214417143
6601972160
7006541411
Author Affiliations: Pati, P., Department of Earth Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, 247667, India
Acharya, V., Department of Earth Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, 247667, India
Verma, A.K., Department of Earth Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, 247667, India
Patel, N.K., Department of Earth Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, 247667, India
Jakhmola, R.P., Oil and Natural Gas Corporation, New Delhi, India
Dash, C., Department of Earth Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, 247667, India
Sharma, V., Department of Earth Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, 247667, India
Gupta, A., Department of Earth Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, 247667, India
Parkash, B., Department of Earth Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, 247667, India
Awasthi, A.K., Department of Earth Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, 247667, India
Corresponding Author: Pati, P.; Department of Earth Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology RoorkeeIndia; email: impitambarpati@gmail.com
Appears in Collections:Journal Publications [ES]

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