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Title: Lithofacies architecture and palaeogeography of the Late Paleozoic glaciomarine Talchir Formation, Raniganj Basin, India
Authors: Bhattacharya H.N.
Bhattacharya, Biplab
Published in: Journal of Palaeogeography
Abstract: Talchir Formation (Permo–Carboniferous) of the Gondwana Supergroup records the Late Paleozoic glaciation in Peninsular India. Talchir sedimentary succession of the Raniganj Basin, Damodar Valley Coalfields, Peninsular India, bears ten facies types grouped under three facies associations, viz., the proglacial conglomerate–sandstone facies association (CS), the foreshore–shoreface conglomerate–sandstone–mudstone facies association (CSM) and the prodelta–shelf sandstone–mudstone facies association (SM). Overall facies architecture reflects initial ice–covered terrestrial subglacial sedimentation, which was subsequently reworked and emplaced subaqueously in front of the ice–grounding line, and finally overlapped by storm–laid prodelta–shelf sediments. Repeated glacial advance–retreats with shifts in the position of the ice–grounding line during phases of climatic amelioration led to multiple deglaciation– related fining–up cycles. Decoupled ice sheet and floating icebergs contributed icerafted debris (IRD) to these sediments. Gradual retreat of the ice sheet, however, restricted the supply of IRD towards top of the succession. Overlap of wave–agitated shoreface–shelf sediments on the glaciogenic sediments indicates widespread marine transgression caused by glacier melting during ice–house to green–house climatic transition, and crustal downsagging related to glacioisostasy. Subsequently, complete disappearance of the ice sheet caused basinal exhumation along with crustal uplift due to isostatic rebound, leading to multiple horst–graben bounded basinal systems, which received post–Talchir coal–bearing Gondwana sediments. © 2015 China University of Petroleum (Beijing)
Citation: Journal of Palaeogeography (2015), 4(3): 269-283
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: China University of Petroleum Beijing
Keywords: facies architecture
glaciomarine sedimentation
Late Paleozoic
Raniganj Basin
sequence stratigraphy
Talchir Formation
ISSN: 20953836
Author Scopus IDs: 6701313623
Author Affiliations: Bhattacharya, H.N., Department of Geology, Presidency University, 86/1, College Street, Kolkata–700073, India
Bhattacharya, B., Department of Earth Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology, Uttarakhand–247667, India
Corresponding Author: Bhattacharya, H.N.; Department of Geology, Presidency University, 86/1, College Street, Kolkata–700073, India; email:
Appears in Collections:Journal Publications [ES]

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