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Title: Passive microwave data for snow-depth and snow-extent estimations in the Himalayan mountains
Authors: Saraf, Arun Kumar
Tarafdar S.
Foster J.L.
Singh P.
Published in: International Journal of Remote Sensing
Abstract: In high mountainous areas, such as the Himalayan Range where snow melt run-off contributes substantially to streamflow, information on snow depth and snow areal extent is vital for the estimation of streamflow and for water resources management. Microwave radiationpenetrates through clouds and snowpacks and is thus considered an important tool for providing water equivalent information on snow fields. The scanning multichannel microwave radiometer (SMMR) on board the NIMBUS-7 satellite acquired passive microwave data for 9 years (1978-1987). These SMMR data are used to test a snow algorithm that is applicable for high elevation areas (>3500m) in the Himalayan Range. The study demonstrates promising results, suggesting the application of SMMR data to derive snow-depth and snow-extent information for the Himalayan region. The generated snow maps can be used for various hydrological applications. The limited availability of field data and its comparison with the SMMR data (which are areal in nature), are major limitations in achieving close correlations between two observations. This is the first application of SMMR data for the determination of snow parameters in the Indian Himalayas. Thus, such an application sets a pace for further research and application of passive microwave data in the most rugged terrains of the world. © 1999, Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. All rights reserved.
Citation: International Journal of Remote Sensing (1999), 20(1): 83-95
Issue Date: 1999
ISSN: 1431161
Author Scopus IDs: 7006460159
Author Affiliations: Saraf, A.K., Department of Earth Sciences, University of Roorkee, Roorkee, 247667, India
Tarafdar, S., Department of Earth Sciences, University of Roorkee, Roorkee, 247667, India
Foster, J.L., Hydrologic Sciences Branch, Goddard Space Flight Center, NASA, Greenbelt, MD, 20771, United States
Singh, P., National Institute of Hydrology, Roorkee, 247667, India
Corresponding Author: Saraf, A.K.; Department of Earth Sciences, University of Roorkee, Roorkee, 247667, India
Appears in Collections:Journal Publications [ES]

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