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Title: Simulation of accelerograms from simplified deterministic approach for the 23rd October 2004 Niigata-ken Chuetsu, Japan earthquake
Authors: Joshi A.
Mohan K.
Published in: Journal of Seismology
Abstract: A simple hybrid approach for the simulation of strong ground motion is presented in this paper. This approach is based on the deterministic modelling of rupture plane initially started by Midorikawa, Tectonophysics 218:287-295, (1993) and further modified by Joshi, Pure Appl Geophys (PAGEOPH) 8:161, (2004). In this technique, the finite rupture plane of the target event is divided into several subfaults, which satisfy scaling relationship. In this paper, simulation of strong ground motion due to a rupture buried in a earth medium consisting of several layers of different velocities and thicknesses is made by considering (1) transmission of energy at each layer; (2) frequency filtering properties of medium and earthquake source; (3) correction factor for slip of large and small magnitude earthquakes and (4) site amplification ratio at various stations. To test the efficacy of the developed technique, strong motion records were simulated at different stations that have recorded the 2004 Niigata-ken Chuetsu, Japan earthquake (Ms 7.0). Comparison is made between the simulated and observed velocity and acceleration records and their response spectra. Distribution of peak ground acceleration, velocity and displacement surrounding the rupture plane is prepared from simulated and observed records and are compared with each other. The comparison of synthetic with the observed records over wide range of frequencies shows that the present technique is effective to predict various strong motion parameters from simple deterministic model which is based on simple regression relations and modelling parameters. © Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007.
Citation: Journal of Seismology (2008), 12(1): 35-51
Issue Date: 2008
Keywords: Accelerogram
Amplification factor
Deterministic approach
White noise
ISSN: 13834649
Author Scopus IDs: 55682260000
Author Affiliations: Joshi, A., Department of Earth Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee 247 667, India
Mohan, K., Institute of Seismological Research, Gandhinagar 382018 Gujarat, India
Corresponding Author: Joshi, A.; Department of Earth Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee 247 667, India; email:
Appears in Collections:Journal Publications [ES]

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