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Title: Assessment of urban heat island effect for different land use-land cover from micrometeorological measurements and remote sensing data for megacity Delhi
Authors: Mohan M.
Kikegawa Y.
Gurjar, Bhola Ram
Bhati S.
Kolli N.R.
Published in: Theoretical and Applied Climatology
Abstract: Urban heat island intensities (UHI) have been assessed based on in situ measurements and satellite-derived observations for the megacity Delhi during a selected period in March 2010. A network of micrometeorological observational stations was set up across the city. Site selection for stations was based on dominant land use-land cover (LULC) classification. Observed UHI intensities could be classified into high, medium and low categories which overall correlated well with the LULC categories viz. dense built-up, medium dense built-up and green/open areas, respectively. Dense urban areas and highly commercial areas were observed to have highest UHI with maximum hourly magnitude peaking up to 10. 7 °C and average daily maximum UHI reaching 8. 3 °C. UHI obtained in the study was also compared with satellite-derived land surface temperatures (LST). UHI based on in situ ambient temperatures and satellite-derived land surface temperatures show reasonable comparison during nighttime in terms of UHI magnitude and hotspots. However, the relation was found to be poor during daytime. Further, MODIS-derived LSTs showed overestimation during daytime and underestimation during nighttime when compared with in situ skin temperature measurements. Impact of LULC was also reflected in the difference between ambient temperature and skin temperature at the observation stations as built-up canopies reported largest gradient between air and skin temperature. Also, a comparison of intra-city spatial temperature variations based UHI vis-à-vis a reference rural site temperature-based UHI indicated that UHI can be computed with respect to the station measuring lowest temperature within the urban area in the absence of a reference station in the rural area close to the study area. Comparison with maximum and average UHI of other cities of the world revealed that UHI in Delhi is comparable to other major cities of the world such as London, Tokyo and Beijing and calls for mitigation action plans. © 2012 Springer-Verlag.
Citation: Theoretical and Applied Climatology(2013), 112(43894): 647-658
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Springer-Verlag Wien
ISSN: 0177798X
Author Scopus IDs: 7101719672
Author Affiliations: Mohan, M., Centre for Atmospheric Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology-Delhi, Delhi, India
Kikegawa, Y., Department of Environmental Systems, Meisei University, Hino, Tokyo, Japan
Gurjar, B.R., Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of
Corresponding Author: Mohan, M.; Centre for Atmospheric Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology-Delhi, Delhi, India; email:
Appears in Collections:Journal Publications [CE]

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