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dc.contributor.authorSahoo J.P.-
dc.contributor.authorKumar J.-
dc.identifier.citationTunnelling and Underground Space Technology(2013), 38(): 326-335-
dc.description.abstractThe stability of two long unsupported circular parallel tunnels aligned horizontally in fully cohesive and cohesive-frictional soils has been determined. An upper bound limit analysis in combination with finite elements and linear programming is employed to perform the analysis. For different clear spacing (S) between the tunnels, the stability of tunnels is expressed in terms of a non-dimensional stability number (?maxH/c); where H is tunnel cover, c refers to soil cohesion, and ?max is maximum unit weight of soil mass which the tunnels can bear without any collapse. The variation of the stability number with tunnels' spacing has been established for different combinations of H/. D, m and ?; where D refers to diameter of each tunnel, ? is the internal friction angle of soil and m accounts for the rate at which the cohesion increases linearly with depth. The stability number reduces continuously with a decrease in the spacing between the tunnels. The optimum spacing (Sopt) between the two tunnels required to eliminate the interference effect increases with (i) an increase in H/. D and (ii) a decrease in the values of both m and ?. The value of Sopt lies approximately in a range of 1.5. D-3.5. D with H/. D= 1 and 7. D-12. D with H/. D= 7. The results from the analysis compare reasonably well with the different solutions reported in literature. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.-
dc.relation.ispartofTunnelling and Underground Space Technology-
dc.subjectFinite elements-
dc.subjectLimit analysis-
dc.subjectUpper bound solution-
dc.titleStability of long unsupported twin circular tunnels in soils-
dc.affiliationSahoo, J.P., Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012, India-
dc.affiliationKumar, J., Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012, India-
dc.description.correspondingauthorKumar, J.; Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012, India; email:
Appears in Collections:Journal Publications [CE]

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