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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repository.iitr.ac.in/handle/123456789/4859
Title: Parametric study of pedestrian speeds at midblock crossings
Authors: Rastogi, Rajat
Chandra, Satish
Vamsheedhar J.
Das V.R.
Published in: Journal of Urban Planning and Development
Abstract: The speed of pedestrians is a major issue in the design and provision of pedestrian facilities. Pedestrians' speed while crossing a road depends on various characteristics related to pedestrians, traffic, and physical features of the road. A few of these characteristics are age and gender of the pedestrian, pedestrian movement singly or in a group, traffic volume, size of the urban area, and width of the road. This paper presents pedestrian crossing speeds estimated at midblock sections of the roads selected in three cities in India: Chandigarh, Hyderabad, and Delhi. It is observed that 15th-percentile speeds are in the range of 0.83-1:02 m/s, which is less than the crossing speed (1:2 m/s) used in pedestrian facility designs. Two-way movements on roads result in higher psychophysical activity, thus increasing the crossing speed by 6%. The width of the road to be crossed, the pattern of crossing, and directional traffic movement also affect the crossing speeds. It is observed that crossing speed increases with road width, traffic volume, and size of the urban area. The average crossing speeds are low near educational and bus terminus areas and greater at tourist and shopping locations. Significant difference is observed in crossing speeds on three-lane undivided and four- and six-lane divided roads, for male and female pedestrians, and different age groups. It is suggested to use 0:95 m/s as the crossing speed for facility design. This can be modified to 0.79 and 0:91 m=s, respectively, if the proportion of older or female pedestrians is high. ¬© 2011 American Society of Civil Engineers.
Citation: Journal of Urban Planning and Development(2012), 137(4): 381-389
URI: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)UP.1943-5444.0000083
http://repository.iitr.ac.in/handle/123456789/4859
Issue Date: 2012
Keywords: Cross flows
Pedestrian
Right of way
Size effect
Speed
Traffic volume
Urban areas
ISSN: 7339488
Author Scopus IDs: 7202416770
7401671278
54897904600
54898291000
Author Affiliations: Rastogi, R., Dept. of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee-247667, India
Chandra, S., Dept. of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee-247667, India
Vamsheedhar, J., Dept. of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee-247667, India
Das, V.R., Dept. of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee-247667, India
Corresponding Author: Rastogi, R.; Dept. of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee-247667, India; email: rajatfce@iitr.ernet.in
Appears in Collections:Journal Publications [CE]

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