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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repository.iitr.ac.in/handle/123456789/4596
Title: Performance of FHWA model for predicting traffic noise: A case study of metropolitan city, Lucknow (India)
Authors: Shukla A.K.
Jain S.S.
Parida, Manoranjan
Srivastava J.B.
Published in: Transport
Abstract: Industrial and transport activities are the two major sources of noise pollution in any metropolitan city. Lucknow city, the capital of the largest populated state Uttar Pradesh in India has an area of 310 sq. km and is rapidly growing as a commercial, industrial and trading centre of northern India. The population of Lucknow city as per census 2001 is 22.45 Lacs. It is expected that by the year 2021 it will make 45 Lacs. The total vehicle population in Lucknow city on 31 March 2008, was nearly 1 million with almost 80% two wheelers, 12% cars, 1.36% three wheelers, 0.45% buses etc. A study was carried out to assess the existing status of noise levels and its impacts on the environment with a possibility of further expansion of the city. Ambient noise levels were measured at different locations selected on the basis of land use such as silence, heavy traffic and residential and commercial zones. It was found that noise levels at all selected locations were much higher (75-90 dB) than the prescribed limits. The observed traffic volume and data on road geometry were used to predict noise levels using Federal Highway Administration Agency (FHWA) model and the calculated noise levels were compared with the observed levels for checking the suitability of this model for predicting the future levels. It was established that the results obtained by FHWA model were very close to the observed noise levels and that the model was suitable to be used for other similar metropolitan cities in India.
Citation: Transport(2009), 24(3): 234-240
URI: https://doi.org/10.3846/1648-4142.2009.24.234-240
http://repository.iitr.ac.in/handle/123456789/4596
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: Vilnius Gedminas Technical University
Keywords: Ambient noise pollution
Buffer zones
Equivalent noise level
FHWA model
Noise barriers
ISSN: 16484142
Author Scopus IDs: 56375474400
35594194300
8963649200
35866236400
Author Affiliations: Shukla, A.K., Dept of Civil Engineering, Institute of Engineering and Technology Lucknow, Lucknow-262021, India
Jain, S.S., Dept of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee-247667, India
Parida, M., Dept of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee-247667, India
Srivastava, J.B., Dept of Civil Engineering, Institute of Engineering and Technology Lucknow, Lucknow-262021, India
Corresponding Author: Shukla, A. K.; Dept of Civil Engineering, Institute of Engineering and Technology Lucknow, Lucknow-262021, India; email: akshuklaiet@yahoo.com
Appears in Collections:Journal Publications [CE]

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