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Title: Photocatalytic degradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon benzo[a]pyrene by iron oxides and identification of degradation products
Authors: Gupta H.
Gupta B.
Published in: Chemosphere
Abstract: Photocatalytic decay profiles of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) have been investigated on various synthesized iron oxides and on soil surfaces under a set of diverse conditions. Samples were analysed using the developed HPLC procedure. Results of the present study demonstrate fastest photodisintegration of B[a]P on goethite followed by haematite, magnetite, akaganeite and maghemite, respectively. The effect of soil pH, irradiation wavelength and iron oxide and oxalic acid dose on the degradation of B[a]P was evaluated. The studies revealed enhancement in photodegradation in the presence of oxalic acid due to the occurrence of fenton like reaction. The results showed faster B[a]P degradation under short wavelength UV radiation. Rate constants in acidic, neutral and alkaline soils under optimum dissipation conditions were 1.11×10 -2 , 7.69×10 -3 and 9.97×10 -3 h -1 , respectively. The study indicates that iron oxides along with oxalic acid are effective photocatalyst for the remediation of benzo[a]pyrene contaminated soil surfaces. The degradation products of B[a]P in the soils of different pH in presence of goethite were identified and degradation pathways proposed. Peaks due to toxic metabolites such as diones, diols and epoxides disappear after 120h in all the three soils. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.
Citation: Chemosphere (2015), 138(): 924-931
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Keywords: Benzo[a]pyrene
Iron oxides
ISSN: 456535
Author Scopus IDs: 7201691864
Author Affiliations: Gupta, H., Department of Chemistry Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, 247667, United Kingdom
Gupta, B., Department of Chemistry Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, 247667, United Kingdom
Funding Details: The authors would like to acknowledge Prof. S.M. Sondhi, Faculty, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee 247667, U.K., India for his valuable suggestions. One of the authors, Himanshu Gupta, would like to acknowledge Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), India for funding the scheme. Appendix A
Corresponding Author: Gupta, B.; Department of Chemistry Indian Institute of Technology RoorkeeUnited Kingdom
Appears in Collections:Journal Publications [CY]

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