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Title: Chemically modified biochar derived from effluent treatment plant sludge of a distillery for the removal of an emerging pollutant, tetracycline, from aqueous solution
Authors: Singh V.
Chakravarthi M.H.
Srivastava, Vimal Chandra
Published in: Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery
Abstract: Distilleries are among the most pollution-generating industries as their ?80% raw material converted into waste. In the present study, sustainable biochar was prepared from distillery sludge (DS) by chemical activation with KOH, ZnCl2, and H3PO4 (coded as DS-K, DS-Z, DS-H) and used for the removal of tetracycline, an emerging pollutant. Additionally, biochar was also prepared by adding the distillery sludge and oily sludge from sugar mill in the ratio of 2:1 (coded as DS-O). The raw sludge and prepared biochar were characterized by various sophisticated techniques like XRF, XRD, TGA-FTIR, BET, FE-SEM, and zeta potential analyzer. FTIR, coupled with the TGA system, gave traces of CO2 and H2O (steam) as the temperature of the sample increased. Batch adsorption study showed TC removal efficiencies of 57%, 64%, 43%, and 70% by DS-K, DS-Z, DS-H, and DS-O, respectively, at optimum conditions: Co = 20 mg L?1, time = 300 min, rpm = 160 ± 5, dose = 1 g L?1, T = 25 ±1 °C, and pH = 6. Experimental data was well-fitted in both pseudo-first-order and pseudo-second-order kinetic models. Langmuir isotherm nicely described the adsorption of TC onto biochar. pH played a significant role in the adsorption due to the amphoteric behavior of TC. Reusability studies showed a marginal decrease in removal efficiencies of ? 9%, ? 7%, ? 4%, and ? 8% after three consecutive runs with DS-O, DS-Z, DS-K, and DS-H, respectively. © 2020, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.
Citation: Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery (2020), (): -
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: Springer
Keywords: Distillery sludge
Sustainable biochar
Waste management
ISSN: 21906815
Author Scopus IDs: 57213256302
Author Affiliations: Singh, V., Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, Uttarakhand 247667, India
Chakravarthi, M.H., Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT-BHU), Varanasi, 221005, India
Srivastava, V.C., Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, Uttarakhand 247667, India
Corresponding Author: Srivastava, V.C.; Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology RoorkeeIndia; email:
Appears in Collections:Journal Publications [CH]

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