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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repository.iitr.ac.in/handle/123456789/2816
Title: Removal of congo red from aqueous solution by bagasse fly ash and activated carbon: Kinetic study and equilibrium isotherm analyses
Authors: Mall I.D.
Srivastava, Vimal Chandra
Agarwal N.K.
Mishra I.M.
Published in: Chemosphere
Abstract: Present investigation deals with the utilisation of bagasse fly ash (BFA) (generated as a waste material from bagasse fired boilers) and the use of activated carbons-commercial grade (ACC) and laboratory grade (ACL), as adsorbents for the removal of congo red (CR) from aqueous solutions. Batch studies were conducted to evaluate the adsorption capacity of BFA, ACC and ACL and the effects of initial pH (pH0), contact time and initial dye concentration on adsorption. The pH0 of the dye solution strongly affected the chemistry of both the dye molecules and BFA in an aqueous solution. The effective pH0 was 7.0 for adsorption on BFA. Kinetic studies showed that the adsorption of CR on all the adsorbents was a gradual process. Equilibrium reached in about 4 h contact time. Optimum BFA, ACC and ACL dosages were found to be 1, 20 and 2 g l-1, respectively. CR uptake by the adsorbents followed pseudo-second-order kinetics. Equilibrium isotherms for the adsorption of CR on BFA, ACC and ACL were analysed by the Freundlich, Langmuir, Redlich-Peterson, and Temkin isotherm equations. Error analysis showed that the R-P isotherm best-fits the CR adsorption isotherm data on all adsorbents. The Freundlich isotherm also shows comparable fit. Thermodynamics showed that the adsorption of CR on BFA was most favourable in comparison to activated carbons.
Citation: Chemosphere (2005), 61(4): 492-501
URI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2005.03.065
http://repository.iitr.ac.in/handle/123456789/2816
Issue Date: 2005
Keywords: Adsorption kinetics
Bagasse fly ash
BFA
Congo red
CR
Dye removal
Error analyses
Isotherms
ISSN: 456535
Author Scopus IDs: 55664368900
35565811700
56948761700
23668474600
Author Affiliations: Mall, I.D., Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, Roorkee 247667, India
Srivastava, V.C., Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, Roorkee 247667, India
Agarwal, N.K., Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, Roorkee 247667, India
Mishra, I.M., Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, Roorkee 247667, India
Corresponding Author: Mall, I.D.; Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, Roorkee 247667, India; email: id_mall2000@yahoo.co.in
Appears in Collections:Journal Publications [CH]

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