Skip navigation
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repository.iitr.ac.in/handle/123456789/2812
Title: Characterization of mesoporous rice husk ash (RHA) and adsorption kinetics of metal ions from aqueous solution onto RHA
Authors: Srivastava, Vimal Chandra
Mall I.D.
Mishra I.M.
Published in: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Abstract: The present study deals with the characterization of low-cost rice husk ash (RHA) for its various physico-chemical properties and adsorption characteristics of metal ions. The average particle size of RHA was 150.47 ?m. Proximate analysis showed the presence of high amount of ash in RHA. Bulk density and the heating value of RHA were 104.9 kg/m3 and 9.68 MJ/kg, respectively. The pore size distribution results showed that the RHA was predominantly mesoporous. The BET surface area was 36.44 m2/g. The average pore diameter by BET was 42.603 Å. The BJH pore area showed 80% of the pore area due to the mesopores. The polar groups present on the RHA surface imparted considerable cation exchange capacity to it. RHA was found to be an effective adsorbent for the removal of cadmium (Cd(II)), nickel (Ni(II)) and zinc (Zn(II)) metal ions from aqueous solutions. The pH0 ?6.0 is found to be the optimum for the removal of individual cations from the aqueous solutions by RHA at an optimum dose of 10 kg/m3. The kinetics of adsorption showed that the metal ions adsorption on RHA is a gradual process with quasi-equilibrium being attained in 5 h. The pseudo-second-order kinetics represents the equilibrium data well. The effective diffusion coefficient of the cations onto the RHA is of the order of 10-13 m2/s. © 2005.
Citation: Journal of Hazardous Materials (2006), 134(43833): 257-267
URI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2005.11.052
http://repository.iitr.ac.in/handle/123456789/2812
Issue Date: 2006
Keywords: Adsorption
Cadmium(II)
Kinetics
Mesoporous material
Metal removal
Nickel(II)
Rice husk ash (RHA)
Zinc(II)
ISSN: 3043894
Author Scopus IDs: 35565811700
55664368900
23668474600
Author Affiliations: Srivastava, V.C., Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, 247 667, India
Mall, I.D., Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, 247 667, India
Mishra, I.M., Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, 247 667, India
Funding Details: Authors are thankful to the Ministry of Human Resource and Development, Government of India, for providing financial support to undertake this research work.
Corresponding Author: Mall, I.D.; Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, 247 667, India; email: id_mall2000@yahoo.co.in
Appears in Collections:Journal Publications [CH]

Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Show full item record


Items in Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.