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Title: A new approach for optimization of small-scale RO membrane using artificial groundwater
Authors: Garg M.C.
Joshi, Himanshu
Published in: Environmental Technology (United Kingdom)
Abstract: The present study aims at evaluating a small-scale brackish water reverse osmosis (RO) process using parameter optimization. Experiments were carried out using formulated artificial groundwater, and a predictive model was developed by using response surface methodology (RSM) for the optimization of input process parameters of brackish water RO process to simultaneously maximize water recovery and salt rejection while minimizing energy demand. The result of multiple response optimization along with analysis of variance for RSM predictions showed that the optimal water recovery (19.18%), total dissolved solids rejection (89.21%) and specific energy consumption (17.60 kWh/m3) occurred at 31.94 °C feed water temperature, 0.78 MPa feed pressure, 1500 mg/L feed salt concentration and 6.53 pH. Furthermore, confirmation of RSM predictions was carried out by an artificial neural network (ANN) model trained by RSM experimental data. Predicted values by both RSM and ANN modelling methodologies were compared and found within the acceptable range. Finally, a membrane validation experiment was carried out successfully at proposed optimal conditions, which proves the accuracy of employed RSM and ANN models. Present methodology can be used as a generalized way for the optimization of different RO membranes available in the market in terms of increased water recovery and salt rejection with least energy consumption to make it commercially competent. © 2014 Taylor & Francis.
Citation: Environmental Technology (United Kingdom), 35(23): 2988-2999
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Taylor and Francis Ltd.
Keywords: artificial groundwater
artificial neural network
response surface methodology
small-scale RO process
statistical modelling
ISSN: 9593330
Author Scopus IDs: 56222136700
Author Affiliations: Garg, M.C., Department of Hydrology, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, India
Joshi, H., Department of Hydrology, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, India
Funding Details: The authors acknowledge the financial support received from the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation, New Delhi, India [letter no. W-11035/24/2010-WQ (R&D)-TS] to carry out this research work. W-11035/24/2010-WQ
Corresponding Author: Garg, M.C.; Department of Hydrology, India
Appears in Collections:Journal Publications [HY]

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