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Title: Exploring temple floral refuse for biochar production as a closed loop perspective for environmental management
Authors: Singh P.
Singh R.
Borthakur A.
Madhav S.
Singh V.K.
Tiwary D.
Srivastava, Vimal Chandra
Mishra P.K.
Published in: Waste Management
Abstract: Religious faith and ritual activities lead to significant floral offerings production and its disposal as waste to the nearby open lands and water bodies. These activities result into various social and environmental nuisances because of their high organic content. Alternatively, it can be used as valuable resources for various biochemical and thermo-chemical processes. Floral refuse has been utilized in natural dye extraction, however, the residual solid refuse is of significant environmental concern due to its nutrient rich nature. This study explores the potential utilization of solid residue of temple floral refuse after natural dye extraction by thermo-chemical decomposition of it. The slow pyrolysis of solid residue was performed at 350 °C and 500 °C, and the biochar yield of 42 and 36% was obtained, respectively. TGA-DTG analysis was performed to observe the thermo-chemical behaviour of floral refuse. The biochar products were further characterized by FTIR, SEM, EDX, BET, XRD, and RAMAN spectroscopy to observe the impact of pyrolysis temperature (PT) on the resulting material, i.e. biochar and its possible application measures. EDX results revealed the presence of various macro-nutrients such as C, N, P, K Ca and Mg in different proportions which showed its soil amelioration potential. Moreover, based on the SEM and BET results, biochar prepared at 500 °C was further explored for adsorption of methylene blue dye at various dose and pH conditions. Based on Langmuir (R2 = 0.98) and Freundlich (R2 = 0.97) isotherms, it is found as a potential adsorbent material for removal of methylene blue dye. The results revealed that biochar conversion of colour extracted floral refuse can be a vital option for quick and efficient management of it in a closed loop approach. © 2018 Elsevier Ltd
Citation: Waste Management (2018), 77(): 78-86
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Keywords: Adsorbent
Natural dye
Soil amendment
Solid waste management
ISSN: 0956053X
Author Scopus IDs: 56760551400
Author Affiliations: Singh, P., Department of Environmental Studies, PGDAV College, University of Delhi, New Delhi, 110065, India, Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT-BHU), Varanasi, 221005, India
Singh, R., Institute of Environment and Sustainable Development (IESD), Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, 221005, India
Borthakur, A., Centre for Studies in Science Policy, Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), New Delhi, 110067, India
Madhav, S., School of Environmental Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, 110067, India
Singh, V.K., Department of Botany, Institute of Science, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, 221005, India
Tiwary, D., Department of Environmental Studies, PGDAV College, University of Delhi, New Delhi, 110065, India
Srivastava, V.C., Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, 247667, India
Mishra, P.K., Department of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT-BHU), Varanasi, 221005, India
Funding Details: Authors are thankful to University Grants Commission (UGC) and Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), New Delhi, India for providing research fellowships and also thankful to CIFC, IIT-BHU, Varanasi for providing characterization facilities. Appendix A
Corresponding Author: Singh, P.; Department of Environmental Studies, PGDAV College, University of DelhiIndia; email:
Appears in Collections:Journal Publications [CH]

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