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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repository.iitr.ac.in/handle/123456789/2583
Title: Biodiesel production in a serpentine minireactor—Effect of flow distribution
Authors: Verma R.K.
Prakash R.
Mehta A.
Ghosh S.
Published in: International Journal of Energy Research
Abstract: The present work aims to find out the influence of flow pattern on pressure drop and fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) yield in a reactive system. Experiments are carried out with Jatropha oil and methanol by using potassium hydroxide (KOH) as catalyst for biodiesel production in two serpentine minireactors made of glass capillary of 2-mm internal diameter. One is having a circular cross section, and the other is annulus. Slug flow, slug with droplet flow, and dispersed flow are observed in both the reactors. Effects of flow distribution on pressure drop and FAME yield have been studied. FAME yield of 98.5% is observed in both reactors for a molar ratio 20 (methanol to Jatropha oil), and the time for this yield in the first reactor is 16.6 minutes and that for the second reactor is 7.7 minutes. Higher yield also resulted in lower pressure drop due to lower viscosity of biodiesel in comparison with oil. © 2019 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Citation: International Journal of Energy Research (2019), 43(8): 3461-3474
URI: https://doi.org/10.1002/er.4488
http://repository.iitr.ac.in/handle/123456789/2583
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: John Wiley and Sons Ltd
Keywords: biodiesel
hydrodynamics
liquid-liquid flow
serpentine minireactor
transesterification reaction
ISSN: 0363907X
Author Scopus IDs: 57207929895
57207773011
57208193846
55478979800
Author Affiliations: Verma, R.K., Department of Chemical Engineering, IIT Roorkee, Roorkee, India
Prakash, R., Department of Chemical Engineering, IIT Roorkee, Roorkee, India
Mehta, A., Department of Chemical Engineering, IIT Roorkee, Roorkee, India
Ghosh, S., Department of Chemical Engineering, IIT Roorkee, Roorkee, India
Funding Details: The present work is financially supported by CSIR (grant no 22(0742)/17/EMR?II), India.
Corresponding Author: Ghosh, S.; Department of Chemical Engineering, IIT RoorkeeIndia; email: ghoshfch@iitr.ac.in
Appears in Collections:Journal Publications [CH]

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