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Title: Supercritical water gasification of biomass in diamond anvil cells and fluidized beds
Authors: Reddy S.N.
Ding N.
Nanda S.
Dalai A.K.
Kozinski J.A.
Published in: Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining
Abstract: With the shift in interest towards renewable energy, hydrogen as an alternative gaseous fuel seems to attract much attention. Waste biomass is an ideal option for the synthesis of biofuels due to its abundance and no net CO2 emissions. Hydrogen can be produced through supercritical water gasification of waste biomass. Hydrogen is an attractive energy carrier which can be used as a direct fuel or in fuel cells to generate electricity and in other energy-producing processes. Gasification of biomass in supercritical water can be performed for hydrogen generation in both batch and continuous modes with/without the application of catalysts. In spite of the progress made in various gasification technologies, diamond anvil cells and fluidized beds as the new-generation batch and continuous reactors, respectively, are not fully recognized. The current review is focused on understanding the design, application and limitations of these two new reactor configurations to help motivate their wide-scale utilization. The review also discusses the potential of diamond anvil cells in studying the involved chemical reactions, thermodynamics, and phase behavior of biomass components during gasification. Nonetheless, the caliber of fluidized beds in continuously gasifying biomass for hydrogen production in supercritical water is also documented. © 2014 Society of Chemical Industry and John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Citation: Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining (2014), 8(5): 728-737
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: John Wiley and Sons Ltd
Keywords: Biomass
Diamond anvil cell
Fluidized bed reactor
Supercritical water gasification
ISSN: 1932104X
Author Scopus IDs: 56923787200
Author Affiliations: Reddy, S.N., Lassonde School of Engineering, York University, Toronto, ON, Canada
Ding, N., Lassonde School of Engineering, York University, Toronto, ON, Canada
Nanda, S., Lassonde School of Engineering, York University, Toronto, ON, Canada
Dalai, A.K., Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, University of SaskatchewanSK, Canada
Kozinski, J.A., Lassonde School of Engineering, York University, Toronto, ON, Canada
Corresponding Author: Kozinski, J.A.; Lassonde School of Engineering, York UniversityCanada
Appears in Collections:Journal Publications [CH]

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