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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repository.iitr.ac.in/handle/123456789/25330
Title: First Study on Nihonium (Nh, Element 113) Chemistry at TASCA
Authors: Yakushev A.
Lens L.
Düllmann C.E.
Block M.
Brand H.
Calverley T.
Dasgupta M.
Di Nitto A.
Götz M.
Götz S.
Haba H.
Harkness-Brennan L.
Herzberg R.-D.
Heßberger F.P.
Hinde D.
Hübner A.
Jäger E.
Judson D.
Khuyagbaatar J.
Kindler B.
Komori Y.
Konki J.
Kratz J.V.
Krier J.
Kurz N.
Laatiaoui M.
Lommel B.
Lorenz C.
Maiti, Moumita
Mistry A.K.
Mokry C.
Nagame Y.
Papadakis P.
Såmark-Roth A.
Rudolph D.
Runke J.
Sarmiento L.G.
Sato T.K.
Schädel M.
Scharrer P.
Schausten B.
Steiner J.
Thörle-Pospiech P.
Toyoshima A.
Trautmann N.
Uusitalo J.
Ward A.
Wegrzecki M.
Yakusheva V.
Published in: Frontiers in Chemistry
Abstract: Nihonium (Nh, element 113) and flerovium (Fl, element 114) are the first superheavy elements in which the 7p shell is occupied. High volatility and inertness were predicted for Fl due to the strong relativistic stabilization of the closed 7p1/2 sub-shell, which originates from a large spin-orbit splitting between the 7p1/2 and 7p3/2 orbitals. One unpaired electron in the outermost 7p1/2 sub-shell in Nh is expected to give rise to a higher chemical reactivity. Theoretical predictions of Nh reactivity are discussed, along with results of the first experimental attempts to study Nh chemistry in the gas phase. The experimental observations verify a higher chemical reactivity of Nh atoms compared to its neighbor Fl and call for the development of advanced setups. First tests of a newly developed detection device miniCOMPACT with highly reactive Fr isotopes assure that effective chemical studies of Nh are within reach. Copyright © 2021 Yakushev, Lens, Düllmann, Block, Brand, Calverley, Dasgupta, Di Nitto, Götz, Götz, Haba, Harkness-Brennan, Herzberg, Heßberger, Hinde, Hübner, Jäger, Judson, Khuyagbaatar, Kindler, Komori, Konki, Kratz, Krier, Kurz, Laatiaoui, Lommel, Lorenz, Maiti, Mistry, Mokry, Nagame, Papadakis, Såmark-Roth, Rudolph, Runke, Sarmiento, Sato, Schädel, Scharrer, Schausten, Steiner, Thörle-Pospiech, Toyoshima, Trautmann, Uusitalo, Ward, Wegrzecki and Yakusheva.
Citation: Frontiers in Chemistry, 9
URI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fchem.2021.753738
http://repository.iitr.ac.in/handle/123456789/25330
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Frontiers Media S.A.
Keywords: element 113
gas phase chromatography
nihonium
physical preseparation
superheavy elements
TASCA
ISSN: 22962646
Author Scopus IDs: 7004061403
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Author Affiliations: Yakushev, A., GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt, Germany, Helmholtz-Institut Mainz, Mainz, Germany
Lens, L., GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt, Germany, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, Mainz, Germany
Düllmann, C.E., GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt, Germany, Helmholtz-Institut Mainz, Mainz, Germany, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, Mainz, Germany
Block, M., GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt, Germany, Helmholtz-Institut Mainz, Mainz, Germany, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, Mainz, Germany
Brand, H., GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt, Germany
Calverley, T., Department of Physics, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom
Dasgupta, M., Department of Nuclear Physics, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia
Di Nitto, A., GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt, Germany, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, Mainz, Germany
Götz, M., GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt, Germany, Helmholtz-Institut Mainz, Mainz, Germany, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, Mainz, Germany
Götz, S., GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt, Germany, Helmholtz-Institut Mainz, Mainz, Germany, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, Mainz, Germany
Haba, H., RIKEN, Wako, Saitama, Japan
Harkness-Brennan, L., Department of Physics, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom
Herzberg, R.-D., Department of Physics, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom
Heßberger, F.P., GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt, Germany, Helmholtz-Institut Mainz, Mainz, Germany
Hinde, D., Department of Nuclear Physics, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia
Hübner, A., GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt, Germany
Jäger, E., GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt, Germany
Judson, D., Department of Physics, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom
Khuyagbaatar, J., GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt, Germany, Helmholtz-Institut Mainz, Mainz, Germany
Kindler, B., GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt, Germany
Komori, Y., RIKEN, Wako, Saitama, Japan
Konki, J., Department of Physics, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland
Kratz, J.V., Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, Mainz, Germany
Krier, J., GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt, Germany
Kurz, N., GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt, Germany
Laatiaoui, M., GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt, Germany, Helmholtz-Institut Mainz, Mainz, Germany
Lommel, B., GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt, Germany
Lorenz, C., Department of Physics, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
Maiti, M., Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, India
Mistry, A.K., GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt, Germany, Helmholtz-Institut Mainz, Mainz, Germany
Mokry, C., Helmholtz-Institut Mainz, Mainz, Germany, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, Mainz, Germany
Nagame, Y., Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Tokai, Japan
Papadakis, P., Department of Physics, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland
Såmark-Roth, A., Department of Physics, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
Rudolph, D., Department of Physics, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
Runke, J., GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt, Germany, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, Mainz, Germany
Sarmiento, L.G., Department of Physics, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
Sato, T.K., Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Tokai, Japan
Schädel, M., GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt, Germany
Scharrer, P., GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt, Germany, Helmholtz-Institut Mainz, Mainz, Germany, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, Mainz, Germany
Schausten, B., GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt, Germany
Steiner, J., GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt, Germany
Thörle-Pospiech, P., Helmholtz-Institut Mainz, Mainz, Germany, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, Mainz, Germany
Toyoshima, A., Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Tokai, Japan
Trautmann, N., Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, Mainz, Germany
Uusitalo, J., Department of Physics, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland
Ward, A., Department of Physics, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom
Wegrzecki, M., Łukasiewicz-Instytut Mikroelektroniki I Fotoniki, Warsaw, Poland
Yakusheva, V., GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt, Germany, Helmholtz-Institut Mainz, Mainz, Germany
Funding Details: This work has been financially supported by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under grant agreement No. 6544002, by the German BMBF (project 05P12UMFN6), by the Swedish Research Council (VR 2013-4271) and the Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation (KAW 2015.0021), and through the United Kingdom STFC. Horizon 2020 Framework Programme, H2020: 6544002; Science and Technology Facilities Council, STFC; Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung, BMBF: 05P12UMFN6; Knut och Alice Wallenbergs Stiftelse: KAW 2015.0021; Vetenskapsrådet, VR: VR 2013-4271
Corresponding Author: Yakushev, A.; GSI Helmholtzzentrum für SchwerionenforschungGermany; email: a.yakushev@gsi.de
Appears in Collections:Journal Publications [PH]

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