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Title: Sewage management challenges in mega cities in india: A case study of mumbai
Authors: Singh A.
Kazmi, Absar Ahmad
Starkl M.
Sayanekar S.
Herlekar M.
Published in: Desalination and Water Treatment
Abstract: This paper provides an overview of sewage management of Mumbai as a case study of a mega city in India. Mumbai generates 3,000 MLD sewage out of which 2,100 MLD gets treated. The trend of sewage generation, its treatment, the challenges faced by municipal authorities and initiatives taken along with policies and regulations has been discussed. The discharge of untreated sewage in open drains, unplanned development of the city and encroachment of squatter settlements were identified as some of the major challenges faced by Municipal Corporation. The initiatives like creating a better sewerage network through funded projects, up grading the existing sewage treatment plants (STPs) have been undertaken. The need of using advanced softwares like ArcGIS as a decision making tool for city planning has been highlighted. The role of the decentralized wastewater treatment technologies and reuse of treated sewage for non-potable purposes to overcome the challenges of sewage management has been explored. ¬© 2018 Desalination Publications. All rights reserved.
Citation: Desalination and Water Treatment, 116: 329-341
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Desalination Publications
Keywords: ArcGIS
ISSN: 19443994
Author Scopus IDs: 57221149084
Author Affiliations: Singh, A., Department of Industrial Safety and Environmental Management, National Institute of Industrial Engineering (NITIE), Mumbai, India
Kazmi, A., Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Roorkee, India
Starkl, M., Competence Centre for Decision Aid in Environmental Management, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences (BOKU), Vienna, Austria
Sayanekar, S., Centre for Environmental Studies, National Institute of Industrial Engineering (NITIE), Mumbai, India
Herlekar, M., Supporting Consolidation, Replication and Upscaling of Sustainable Wastewater Treatment and Reuse Technologies in India (SARASWATI), National Institute of Industrial Engineering (NITIE), Mumbai, India
Funding Details: 
Corresponding Author: Singh, A.; Department of Industrial Safety and Environmental Management, India; email:
Appears in Collections:Journal Publications [CE]

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