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Title: Applications of gaseous chlorine dioxide for antimicrobial food packaging: a review
Authors: Singh S.
Maji, Pradip K.
Lee Y.S.
Gaikwad, Kirtiraj K.
Published in: Environmental Chemistry Letters
Abstract: Microorganisms develop in food during slaughtering, processing, packaging operations and transportation. Foodborne infections and decay are major concerns for farmers and the food industry. Gaseous chlorine dioxide (ClO2) is increasingly used for disinfection in packaging of fresh meat, meat products and other produce because ClO2 has strong antimicrobial effect with minimal impact on the environment. Antimicrobial packaging is an advanced technique that integrates antimicrobial compounds into the packaging material to suppress the growth of microorganisms. Aqueous ClO2 has been utilized for various food products, yet gaseous ClO2 displays several advantages. For instance, ClO2 is less corrosive, mixes easily with the package atmosphere, disperses rapidly, and has the capability to diffuse into product surfaces and films. Here we review antimicrobial mechanisms and applications of gaseous ClO2 in food packaging applications. We present the different forms of ClO2 packaging systems and their effect on polymeric packaging material. © 2020, Springer Nature Switzerland AG.
Citation: Environmental Chemistry Letters, 19(1): 253-270
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Keywords: Antimicrobial packaging
Chlorine dioxide
Fruits and vegetables
ISSN: 16103653
Author Scopus IDs: 57145063200
Author Affiliations: Singh, S., Department of Food Engineering, Institute of Food Science and Technology, VCSG Uttarakhand University of Horticulture and Forestry, Majri Grant, Dehradun, Uttarakhand 248140, India
Maji, P.K., Department of Polymer and Process Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Saharanpur Campus, Saharanpur, Uttar Pradesh 247001, India
Lee, Y.S., Department of Packaging, Yonsei University, Wonju, Gangwon-do 26493, South Korea
Gaikwad, K.K., Department of Paper Technology, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, Uttarakhand, India
Funding Details: Author Kirtiraj K. Gaikwad would like to sincerely thank the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India, for the financial support provided under DST INSPIRE Faculty (DST/INSPIRE/04/2018/002544). Department of Science and Technology, Ministry of Science and Technology, India, डीएसटी: DST/INSPIRE/04/2018/002544
Corresponding Author: Lee, Y.S.; Department of Packaging, South Korea; email: Gaikwad, K.K.; Department of Paper Technology, India; email:
Appears in Collections:Journal Publications [PE]
Journal Publications [PT]

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