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Title: Immiscibility regions in iron based ferritic solid solutions and their relevance to thermodynamics and kinetics of nitriding
Authors: Sasidhar K.N.
Meka, Sai Ramudu
Published in: Philosophical Magazine
Abstract: In the process of equilibration of a ferritic iron-based alloy with gaseous nitriding atmosphere, the inwardly diffusing N into the ferritic solid-solution from the gas atmosphere may bring the evolving solid-solution chemistry into immiscible region of the corresponding phase diagram. Distinct kinetic mechanisms of nitriding are operative in different alloy systems, depending on whether the alloy system has a region of immiscibility or not and whether the applied chemical potential of N in the nitriding atmosphere allows the evolving chemistry of the alloy to sample the immiscibility region or not. With this new kind of thermodynamic interpretation, it is now possible to precisely understand the experimental results reported in the literature pertaining to nitrided iron-based binary alloys. Slow kinetics of nitride precipitation in nitrided ferritic Fe-Si and Fe-Al alloys has been attributed to the absence of immiscibility region in ferritic Fe-Si-N and Fe-Al-N systems whereas the slower precipitation of nitrides in ferritic Fe-Mo alloys has been attributed to the implausibility of sampling the immiscibility region of Fe-Mo-N system for typically applied nitriding conditions and Mo contents. Faster kinetics of nitride precipitation in Fe-Ti, Fe-V, Fe-Cr alloys has been attributed to the presence of immiscibility in Fe-Ti-N, Fe-V-N and Fe-Cr-N systems and the applied nitriding conditions allowing sampling of this immiscibility region. Recognising the role of ‘miscibility gap’ in alloy systems to realise rapid kinetics during nitridation treatments opens up a new, unexplored alloy design strategy for the development of steels with favourable nitriding response. © 2019, © 2019 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.
Citation: Philosophical Magazine, 99(17): 2152-2168
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Taylor and Francis Ltd.
Keywords: kinetics
Miscibility gap
spinodal fluctuation
ISSN: 14786435
Author Scopus IDs: 57194204113
Author Affiliations: Sasidhar, K.N., Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, India
Meka, S.R., Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, India
Funding Details: We are grateful to Max Planck Society, Germany for financial support to the Max-Planck Partner Group of the Department of Microstructure Physics and Alloy Design, Max Planck Institute for Iron Research, Dusseldorf, Germany at Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, India. Authors are also grateful to the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India, for financial support under PMRF. Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, IITR; Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, MPG; Ministry of Human Resource Development, MHRD
Corresponding Author: Meka, S.R.; Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, India; email:
Appears in Collections:Journal Publications [MT]

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