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Title: Simulation of Blood as Fluid: A Review from Rheological Aspects
Authors: Kannojiya V.
Das, Arup Kumar
Das P.K.
Published in: IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering
Abstract: Blood flow in the human vascular system is a complex to understand example of fluid dynamics in a closed conduit. Any irregularities in the hemodynamics may lead to lethal cardiovascular disease like heart attack, heart failure and ischemia. Numerical simulation of hemodynamics in the blood vessel can facilitate a thorough understanding of blood flow and its interaction with the adjacent vessel wall. A good simulation approach for blood flow can be helpful in early prediction and diagnosis of the mentioned disease. The simulation outcomes may also provide decision support for surgical planning and medical implants. This study reports an extensive review of various approaches adopted to analyze the influence of blood rheological characteristics in a different class of blood vessels. In particular, emphasis was given on the identification of best possible rheological model to effectively solve the hemodynamics inside different blood vessels. The performance capability of different rheological models was discussed for different classes and conditions of vessels and the best/poor performing models are listed out. The Carreau, Casson and generalized power-law models were appeared to be superior for solving the blood flow at all shear rates. In contrast, power law, Walburn-Scheck and Herchel-Bulkley model lacks behind in the purpose. © 2008-2011 IEEE.
Citation: IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering, 14: 327-341
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Keywords: artery
non-Newtonian flow
ISSN: 19373333
Author Scopus IDs: 57201503183
Author Affiliations: Kannojiya, V., Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, IIT Roorkee, Roorkee, 247667, India
Das, A.K., Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, IIT Roorkee, Roorkee, 247667, India
Das, P.K., Department of Mechanical Engineering, IIT Kharagpur, Kharagpur, 721302, India
Funding Details: Manuscript received February 21, 2020; revised June 2, 2020; accepted July 9, 2020. Date of publication July 22, 2020; date of current version January 22, 2021. This work was supported by the Ministry of Human Resource Development and Indian Council of Medical Research under the IMPRINT Scheme under Award 3-18/2015-TSI. (Corresponding author: Arup Kumar Das.) Vikas Kannojiya and Arup Kumar Das are with the Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, IIT Roorkee, Roorkee 247667, India (e-mail:; Indian Council of Medical Research, ICMR: 3-18/2015-TSI; Ministry of Human Resource Development, MHRD
Corresponding Author: Das, A.K.; Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, India; email:
Appears in Collections:Journal Publications [ME]

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