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Title: Prioritizing the vaccine supply chain issues of developing countries using an integrated ISM-fuzzy ANP framework
Authors: Chandra D.
Kumar, Dinesh Senthil
Published in: Journal of Modelling in Management
Abstract: Purpose: Delivering vaccines to the children who need them requires a supply chain that is efficient and effective. In most of the developing countries, however, the unknown and unresolved supply chain issues are causing inefficiencies in distributing vaccines. There is, therefore, a great need in such countries to recognize the issues that cause delays in vaccine delivery. With this purpose, the present study aims to identify and analyze the key issues in the supply chain of basic vaccines required to immunize children in developing countries. Design/methodology/approach: Based on a field survey of three states of India, in-depth review of relevant literature and experts’ opinions, 25 key issues were recognized as factors of the vaccine supply chain (VSC) and categorized into five main domains. Using integrated interpretive structural modeling and fuzzy analytic network process approaches, the issues have been prioritized to determine their relative importance in the VSC. In addition, a sensitivity analysis has been performed to investigate the priority stability of the issues. Findings: The results of the analysis show that among the five domains of VSC issues, the economic domain with a weight of 0.4262 is the most important domain, followed by the management (0.2672), operational (0.2222), environmental (0.0532) and social (0.0312). Research limitations/implications: This study focuses on the prioritization of VSC issues; therefore, the results of the present study can provide direction to the decision-makers of immunization programs of developing countries in driving their efforts and resources on eliminating the most important obstacles to design successful vaccination programs. Originality/value: To the authors’ knowledge, this paper is first to provide a direction to the decision-makers in identifying and managing important issues through the use of an analytical approach. © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited.
Citation: Journal of Modelling in Management, 15(1): 112-165
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: Emerald Group Holdings Ltd.
Keywords: Developing countries
Fuzzy ANP
Supply chain management
Vaccine supply chain
ISSN: 17465664
Author Scopus IDs: 57197728001
Author Affiliations: Chandra, D., Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, India
Kumar, D., Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, India
Corresponding Author: Chandra, D.; Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, India; email:
Appears in Collections:Journal Publications [ME]

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