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Title: Numerical study of the winter-kennedy flow measurement method in transient flows
Authors: Baidar B.
Nicolle J.
Gandhi, Bhupendra K.
Cervantes M.J.
Published in: Energies
Abstract: This paper explores the possibility of using the Winter-Kennedy (WK) method for transient flow rate measurement in hydraulic turbines. Computational fluid dynamic (CFD) analysis of a numerical model of an axial turbine was carried out for accelerating and decelerating flows. Those were obtained by linearly opening and closing of the guide vanes, respectively, while retaining the inlet pressure constant during the simulations. The behavior of several WK configurations on a cross-sectional plane and along the azimuthal direction of the spiral casing was studied during the transients. The study showed that there are certain WK configurations that are more stable than others. The physical mechanism behind the stability (or instability) of the WK method during transients is presented. Using the steady WK coefficient obtained at the best efficiency point (BEP), the WK method could estimate the transient flow rate with a deviation of about 7.5% and 3.5%, for accelerating and decelerating flow, respectively. © 2020 by the authors.
Citation: Energies, 13(6)
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: MDPI AG
Keywords: CFD
Flow rate
Transient flow
ISSN: 19961073
Author Scopus IDs: 57015636200
Author Affiliations: Baidar, B., Division of Fluid and Experimental Mechanics, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, SE-97187, Sweden
Nicolle, J., Institut de Recherche d'Hydro-Québec (IREQ), Varennes, QC J3X 1S1, Canada
Gandhi, B.K., Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, Uttarakhand, 247667, India
Cervantes, M.J., Division of Fluid and Experimental Mechanics, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, SE-97187, Sweden
Funding Details: Funding: This research was funded by Svenskt Vattenkraftcentrum, SVC (“The Swedish Hydropower Center”).
Corresponding Author: Baidar, B.; Division of Fluid and Experimental Mechanics, Sweden; email:
Appears in Collections:Journal Publications [ME]

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