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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repository.iitr.ac.in/handle/123456789/2275
Title: Utilization of conducting polymers in fabricating polymer electrolyte membranes for application in direct methanol fuel cells
Authors: Dutta K.
Kumar P.
Das S.
Kundu, Patit Paban
Published in: Polymer Reviews
Abstract: Search for suitable materials for fabricating polymer electrolyte membranes (PEMs) for application in polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells, and particularly in direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs), has been an important field of research for the last several decades. Notable candidates that have emerged from this extensive and seemingly exhaustive research are Nafion®, poly(vinylidenefluoride), sulfonated poly(etheretherketone), poly(benzimidazole), Dow XUS®, Flemion® R, 3P-energy, Aciplex-S®, Gore-Tex®, Gore-Select®, and their different blends, copolymers and interpenetrating networks with compounds, such as poly(hexafluoropropylene), poly(acrylonitrile), poly(styrenesulfonate), and poly(methylmethacrylate). Nevertheless, the objective of achieving a much reduced methanol crossover, while maintaining a substantial level of proton conductivity, has remained by and large elusive. However, a ray of hope has been provided by conducting polymers (CPs), and this has led to a considerable number of researchers to plunge into the exploitation of this possibility. This review focuses on the application of CPs, mainly polyaniline and polypyrrole, as PEM constituents. Detailed comparisons between their functioning, and their respective utility in terms of achieving this objective have been provided. We have also discussed the following critical points: first, the effect of CPs on methanol crossover, proton conductivity, and gas diffusion, and second, thermal stability of CPs in the temperature range within which DMFC operates. © 2014 Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.
Citation: Polymer Reviews (2014), 54(1): 1-32
URI: https://doi.org/10.1080/15583724.2013.839566
http://repository.iitr.ac.in/handle/123456789/2275
Issue Date: 2014
Keywords: conducting polymers
direct methanol fuel cell
methanol crossover
polymer electrolyte membrane
proton conductivity
ISSN: 15583724
Author Scopus IDs: 7005115695
55642355800
55820818900
35475516300
Author Affiliations: Dutta, K., Department of Polymer Science and Technology, Advanced Polymer Laboratory, University of Calcutta, 92 A. P. C. Road, Kolkata 700009, India
Kumar, P., Department of Polymer Science and Technology, Advanced Polymer Laboratory, University of Calcutta, 92 A. P. C. Road, Kolkata 700009, India
Das, S., Department of Polymer Science and Technology, Advanced Polymer Laboratory, University of Calcutta, 92 A. P. C. Road, Kolkata 700009, India
Kundu, P.P., Department of Polymer Science and Technology, Advanced Polymer Laboratory, University of Calcutta, 92 A. P. C. Road, Kolkata 700009, India
Funding Details: Kingshuk Dutta would like to thank the CSIR for providing a Senior Research Fellowship. Piyush Kumar is thankful to the Department of Science and Technology (Government of India) for an INSPIRE fellowship. Patit P. Kundu is thankful to the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) for a grant-in-aid and a fellowship to Suparna Das.
Corresponding Author: Kundu, P.P.; Department of Polymer Science and Technology, Advanced Polymer Laboratory, University of Calcutta, 92 A. P. C. Road, Kolkata 700009, India; email: ppk923@yahoo.com
Appears in Collections:Journal Publications [CH]

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