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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repository.iitr.ac.in/handle/123456789/2257
Title: Enhancements of catalyst distribution and functioning upon utilization of conducting polymers as supporting matrices in DMFCs: A review
Authors: Dutta K.
Das S.
Rana D.
Kundu, Patit Paban
Published in: Polymer Reviews
Abstract: Fuel cells (FCs) have evolved as a potential alternative energy harnessing device, with direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC) as one of the front-runners. Although it has achieved significant progress, and is currently getting available in the commercial market; however, from a broader perspective, DMFCs, like most other devices, suffer from certain critical drawbacks. This, in turn, demands considerable progress to be made in order to realize ultimate commercialization, i.e., cheap, reliable, durable, and portable DMFCs with easily accessible fuel. In this respect, one important area of real concern is the DMFC electrodes, consisting of catalysts and catalyst-supporting matrices. Sluggish reaction rates and use of highly expensive and scarce catalysts are two critical drawbacks. Conducting polymers (CPs) have found extensive use in the fabrication of these matrices and have resulted in better dispersion, distribution and anchoring of catalysts, which is important to enhance their reaction efficiencies. This review attempts to summarize the potential contributions of CPs, their critical roles, and possible future trends toward fabricating catalyst-supporting matrices in DMFCs. © 2015 Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.
Citation: Polymer Reviews (2015), 55(1): 1-56
URI: https://doi.org/10.1080/15583724.2014.958771
http://repository.iitr.ac.in/handle/123456789/2257
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Taylor and Francis Inc.
Keywords: catalyst-supporting matrix
conducting polymers
direct methanol fuel cell
methanol oxidation reaction
oxygen reduction reaction
ISSN: 15583724
Author Scopus IDs: 7005115695
55820818900
7007036653
35475516300
Author Affiliations: Dutta, K., Advanced Polymer Laboratory, Department of Polymer Science and Technology, University of Calcutta, 92 A. P. C. Road, Kolkata, 700009, India
Das, S., Advanced Polymer Laboratory, Department of Polymer Science and Technology, University of Calcutta, 92 A. P. C. Road, Kolkata, 700009, India
Rana, D., Industrial Membrane Research Institute, Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada
Kundu, P.P., Advanced Polymer Laboratory, Department of Polymer Science and Technology, University of Calcutta, 92 A. P. C. Road, Kolkata, 700009, India
Funding Details: KD would like to thank the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), India, for a Senior Research Fellowship (Award no. 09/028 (0901)/2012-EMR-I). PPK is thankful to the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), Govt. of India, for a grant-in-aid (Grant no. 102/56/2009-NT).
Corresponding Author: Dutta, K.; Advanced Polymer Laboratory, Department of Polymer Science and Technology, University of Calcutta, 92 A. P. C. Road, India
Appears in Collections:Journal Publications [CH]

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