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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repository.iitr.ac.in/handle/123456789/2222
Title: Polyaniline nanowhiskers induced low methanol permeability and high membrane selectivity in partially sulfonated PVdF-co-HFP membranes
Authors: Dutta K.
Das S.
Kundu P.P.
Published in: RSC Advances
Abstract: Sulfonated poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoro propylene) (SPVdF-co-HFP) and polyaniline (PAni) have shown promise as polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) materials, especially in direct methanol fuel cells, by virtue of their significantly high ion-exchange capacity (IEC) and membrane selectivity ratio. It was intuited that utilization of PAni nanostructures, with high surface areas, in PEMs can result in further improvement of these attributes. With this objective, positively-charged PAni nanofibers (NFs) were synthesized. Interestingly, when these NFs were exposed to a negatively-charged amphiphile solution for different time extents and followed by washing with an organic solvent, PAni nanowhiskers (NWs) having lengths between 40-120 nm and diameters between 10-40 nm were formed. BET surface area exhibited an increase upon decrease in the aspect ratio of the NFs. Membranes were fabricated using SPVdF-co-HFP as the continuous phase and PAni granules, NFs or NWs as the dispersed phase. SPVdF-co-HFP/PAni NWs and SPVdF-co-HFP/PAni NFs membranes exhibited enhanced IECs, proton conductivities and selectivities compared to SPVdF-co-HFP/PAni granules membrane. However, comparisons between SPVdF-co-HFP/PAni NFs and SPVdF-co-HFP/PAni NWs membranes revealed that the extended conjugation available for the former versus the higher surface area of the latter played a crucial role in determining the uptake and transport properties of the membranes. © The Royal Society of Chemistry.
Citation: RSC Advances (2016), 6(109): 107960-107969
URI: https://doi.org/10.1039/c6ra24090a
http://repository.iitr.ac.in/handle/123456789/2222
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISSN: 20462069
Author Scopus IDs: 7005115695
55820818900
35475516300
Author Affiliations: Dutta, K., Advanced Polymer Laboratory, Department of Polymer Science and Technology, University of Calcutta, 92, A. P. C. Road, Kolkata, 700 009, India
Das, S., Advanced Polymer Laboratory, Department of Polymer Science and Technology, University of Calcutta, 92, A. P. C. Road, Kolkata, 700 009, India
Kundu, P.P., Advanced Polymer Laboratory, Department of Polymer Science and Technology, University of Calcutta, 92, A. P. C. Road, Kolkata, 700 009, India, Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, 247667, India
Funding Details: KD would like to thank the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), India, for a Senior Research Fellowship (Award no. 09/028 (0901)/2012-EMR-I).
Corresponding Author: Kundu, P.P.; Advanced Polymer Laboratory, Department of Polymer Science and Technology, University of Calcutta, 92, A. P. C. Road, India; email: ppk923@yahoo.com
Appears in Collections:Journal Publications [CH]

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