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Title: Discharge Characteristics of Piano Key Weirs with and Without Upstream Siltation
Authors: Kumar B.
Kadia S.
Ahmad, Zulfequar
Published in: International Journal of Civil Engineering
Abstract: The application of a piano key (PK) weir in a channel may lead to changes in the flow characteristics, upstream siltation conditions, and bed elevation. In this study, laboratory-based Type-A PK weir models with noses below the upstream apexes were studied under different flow and siltation conditions. A total of 342 datasets were collected from the three models. Upstream siltation had no impact on the discharge efficiency of submerged PK weirs, but under the free-flow condition, there was a maximum reduction of 4% in the coefficient of discharge. Planners and designers must consider such variations in channels with a high sediment load. However, at high H/P (where H is the head over the weir crest and P is the weir height), the siltation effect starts to decrease, possibly due to the alternation in the flow condition caused by tailwater submergence. The modular submergence was found to be approximately 0.5, which is close to the values available in the literature. The proposed equations for free-flowing PK weirs performed very well with a maximum error of approximately 7% and a mean absolute percentage error (MAPE) of approximately 2.5%. Furthermore, approximately 60% of the data lie within the ± 3% error bands, and almost all data lie within the ± 6% error bands. The equations proposed for submerged PK weirs also efficiently estimated the coefficient of discharge with a maximum error ranging from 9.0 to 11.32% and an MAPE varying from 2.94 to 4.27%. © 2021, Iran University of Science and Technology.
Citation: International Journal of Civil Engineering, 19(9): 1043-1054
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Keywords: Discharge capacity
Experimental study
Piano key weir
ISSN: 17350522
Author Scopus IDs: 57214152526
Author Affiliations: Kumar, B., Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, Uttarakhand 247667, India
Kadia, S., Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, 7491, Norway, Department of Water Resources Development and Management, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, Uttarakhand 247667, India
Ahmad, Z., Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, Uttarakhand 247667, India
Funding Details: The first author would like to express his gratitude to the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Govt. of India for granting research scholarship. Ministry of Human Resource Development, MHRD
Corresponding Author: Ahmad, Z.; Department of Civil Engineering, India; email:
Appears in Collections:Journal Publications [CE]

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