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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repository.iitr.ac.in/handle/123456789/21534
Title: Lambert W based speed reduction model in presence of pedestrian movements: Case studies on undivided streets
Authors: Thakur S.
Maurya S.
Chandra, Satish
Biswas S.
Published in: European Transport - Trasporti Europei
Abstract: Pedestrian movements sharing right-of-way with vehicular traffic have adverse impacts on the mobility of the traffic stream. Pedestrian movements both along and across the road often force drivers of approaching vehicles either to stop completely or to slow down and change the existing lane. It ultimately results in a decrease in stream speed. With the aim of determining the influence of pedestrian movements, the present study collected traffic data at a standard section (without pedestrian movements) and both traffic and pedestrian data at a pedestrian section (with considerable pedestrian movements). To determine the speed at the standard section, this paper presents a novel ‘Lambert W function’-based speed prediction model in the context of a two-lane undivided urban road. When stream speeds of the pedestrian section were compared to the stream speeds obtained through the speed prediction model at the same traffic volume condition in absence of pedestrians, a significant reduction was observed. This reduction in stream speed is governed by pedestrian parameters. A new pedestrian parameter ‘lateral position of pedestrian from the edge while walking along the road’ was conceived in this study along with few other parameters to predict Percent Speed Reduction (PSR). Intensities of these pedestrian parameters were observed varying over time which results in a high fluctuation in PSR within a range of 29% to 62%. Finally, this investigation forwards an empirical model of Percent Speed Reduction (PSR) to predict the stream speed in the presence of on-street pedestrian movements on undivided urban roads. The outcome of this paper will help transport planners to estimate the efficiency of pedestrian infrastructure projects before implementation. © 2021 Institute for Transport Studies in the European Economic Integration. All rights reserved.
Citation: European Transport - Trasporti Europei, 82
URI: https://doi.org/10.48295/ET.2021.82.3
http://repository.iitr.ac.in/handle/123456789/21534
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Institute for Transport Studies in the European Economic Integration
Keywords: Lambert W function
Pedestrian movements
Pedestrian-vehicle interaction
Speed modeling
Urban roads
ISSN: 18253997
Author Scopus IDs: 57212385408
57226414305
7401671278
57212374626
Author Affiliations: Thakur, S., Department of Civil Engineering, National Institute of Technology Hamirpur, Himachal Pradesh, Hamirpur, 177005, India
Maurya, S., Department of Civil Engineering, National Institute of Technology Hamirpur, Himachal Pradesh, Hamirpur, 177005, India
Chandra, S., CSIR-Central Road Research Institute, Delhi-Mathura Road, New Delhi, 110025, India
Biswas, S., Department of Civil Engineering, National Institute of Technology Hamirpur, Himachal Pradesh, Hamirpur, 177005, India
Corresponding Author: Biswas, S.; Department of Civil Engineering, Himachal Pradesh, India; email: subhadipbiswas.in@gmail.com
Appears in Collections:Journal Publications [CE]

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