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Title: Modeling phone use prevalence and risk assessment among long-haul truck drivers in India
Authors: Choudhary, Pushpa
Mahajan K.
Velaga N.R.
Shankar R.
Published in: IATSS Research
Abstract: Research on distracted driving due to phone use has increased substantially over the past decades, however, very little is explored about commercial vehicle drivers (e.g., truck drivers) in this aspect. This study focused on examining the prevalence of phone use habits and the associated crash risk for data collected from 490 Indian truck drivers. The data on demographic details, driving history, phone use habits (in everyday life and during driving), history of receiving any penalty for phone use and incidences of crash occurrence, was collected through face-to-face interviews with the drivers. Binary logistic models were used to identify the factors affecting phone use habits during driving and the associated crash risk. Further, the incidences of receiving a penalty for the phone use were examined through cross-tabulation and chi-square statistics. The results showed that 55% of the drivers used a phone during driving, mainly for talking purpose. The model revealed that education, vehicle size, vehicle ownership and everyday life phone use habits were the significant factors associated with phone use while driving. Regarding the history of penalty receiving incidences, 41% of the drivers who used a phone during driving had received the penalty, and 52% of these penalty-receiving drivers were penalized repetitively. The model results for crash risk showed that the frequent phone users were 29 times more likely to be involved in a crash due to phone use compared to the non-frequent users. The results suggest a double level (legislative and company level) prohibition policy for phone use during driving for the truck drivers and also to enforce strict and effective legislative ban especially on the truck routes. © 2021 International Association of Traffic and Safety Sciences
Citation: IATSS Research
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Keywords: Conversation
Crash risk
Traffic offences
ISSN: 3861112
Author Scopus IDs: 57192187317
Author Affiliations: Choudhary, P., Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, 247667, India
Mahajan, K., Transportation Systems Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Bombay, Powai, Mumbai, 400 076, India
Velaga, N.R., Transportation Systems Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Bombay, Powai, Mumbai, 400 076, India
Shankar, R., Department of Management Studies, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi, 110 016, India
Funding Details: This research has been made available through the European Union Europe Aid-funded Project “EU-India Research & Innovation Partnership for Efficient and Sustainable Freight Transportation (REINVEST)” , Contract Number: R/141842 . The contents of this publication are the sole responsibility of the authors of this paper and can in no way be taken to reflect the views of the European Union. R/141842
Corresponding Author: Mahajan, K.; Transportation Systems Engineering, Powai, India; email:
Appears in Collections:Journal Publications [CE]

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