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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repository.iitr.ac.in/handle/123456789/21398
Title: Emission estimates and inventories of non-methane volatile organic compounds from anthropogenic burning sources in India
Authors: Stewart G.J.
Nelson B.S.
Acton W.J.F.
Vaughan A.R.
Hopkins J.R.
Yunus S.S.M.
Hewitt C.N.
Wild O.
Nemitz E.
Gadi R.
Sahu L.K.
Mandal T.K.
Gurjar, Bhola Ram
Rickard A.R.
Lee J.D.
Hamilton J.F.
Published in: Atmospheric Environment: X
Abstract: Comprehensive, spatially disaggregated emission inventories are required for many developing regions to evaluate the relative impacts of different sources and to develop mitigation strategies which can lead to effective emission controls. This study developed a 1 km2 non-methane volatile organic compound (NMVOC) emission model for the combustion of fuel wood, cow dung cake, municipal solid waste (MSW), charcoal, coal and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) in India from 1993 to 2016. Inputs were selected from a range of detailed fuel consumption surveys and recent emission factors measured during comprehensive studies of local burning sources. For the census year of 2011, we estimated around 13 (5–47) Tg of NMVOCs were emitted from biomass and MSW combustion in India. Around 54% of these emissions were from residential solid biofuel combustion, 23% from open burning of MSW, 23% from crop residue burning on fields and <1% from LPG for cooking. NMVOC emissions from residential combustion were shown to be highly sensitive to the amount of cow dung cake combusted and this acted as a key pollution source across the Indo-Gangetic Plain. The results of this study indicate that multiple mitigation strategies are required across several different categories of burning source to achieve effective NMVOC emission reduction. © 2021 The Authors
Citation: Atmospheric Environment: X, 11
URI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aeaoa.2021.100115
http://repository.iitr.ac.in/handle/123456789/21398
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Keywords: Burning
Emission inventory
Non-methane volatile organic compounds
Residential combustion
ISSN: 25901621
Author Scopus IDs: 57219236981
57209849810
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56494338400
7202387972
57222055721
57213512452
6701636816
7003545995
6505772340
9435289000
7005344876
8665885900
7003815387
8760535800
7403705356
Author Affiliations: Stewart, G.J., Wolfson Atmospheric Chemistry Laboratories, Department of Chemistry, University of York, York, YO10 5DD, United Kingdom
Nelson, B.S., Wolfson Atmospheric Chemistry Laboratories, Department of Chemistry, University of York, York, YO10 5DD, United Kingdom
Acton, W.J.F., Lancaster Environment Centre, Lancaster University, Lancaster, LA1 4YQ, United Kingdom
Vaughan, A.R., Wolfson Atmospheric Chemistry Laboratories, Department of Chemistry, University of York, York, YO10 5DD, United Kingdom
Hopkins, J.R., Wolfson Atmospheric Chemistry Laboratories, Department of Chemistry, University of York, York, YO10 5DD, United Kingdom, National Centre for Atmospheric Science, University of York, York, YO10 5DD, United Kingdom
Yunus, S.S.M., School of Water, Environment and Energy, Cranfield University, Cranfield, MK43 0AL, United Kingdom
Hewitt, C.N., Lancaster Environment Centre, Lancaster University, Lancaster, LA1 4YQ, United Kingdom
Wild, O., Lancaster Environment Centre, Lancaster University, Lancaster, LA1 4YQ, United Kingdom
Nemitz, E., UK Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Bush Estate, Penicuik, EH26 0QB, United Kingdom
Gadi, R., Indira Gandhi Delhi Technical University for Women, Kashmiri Gate, New Delhi, Delhi 110006, India
Sahu, L.K., Physical Research Laboratory (PRL), Ahmedabad, 380009, India
Mandal, T.K., CSIR-National Physical Laboratory, Dr. K.S. Krishnan Marg, New Delhi, Delhi 110012, India, Academy of Scientific & Innovative Research, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh 201 002, India
Gurjar, B.R., Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, Uttarakhand 247667, India
Rickard, A.R., Wolfson Atmospheric Chemistry Laboratories, Department of Chemistry, University of York, York, YO10 5DD, United Kingdom, National Centre for Atmospheric Science, University of York, York, YO10 5DD, United Kingdom
Lee, J.D., Wolfson Atmospheric Chemistry Laboratories, Department of Chemistry, University of York, York, YO10 5DD, United Kingdom, National Centre for Atmospheric Science, University of York, York, YO10 5DD, United Kingdom
Hamilton, J.F., Wolfson Atmospheric Chemistry Laboratories, Department of Chemistry, University of York, York, YO10 5DD, United Kingdom
Funding Details: This work was supported by the Newton-Bhabha fund administered by the UK Natural Environment Research Council , through the DelhiFlux project of the Atmospheric Pollution and Human Health in an Indian Megacity (APHH-India) programme. The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support provided by the UK Natural Environment Research Council and the Earth System Science Organization, Ministry of Earth Sciences, Government of India under the Indo-UK Joint Collaboration vide grant nos. NE/P01643X/1 , NE/P016502/1 and MoES/16/19/2017/APHH (DelhiFlux) to conduct this research. The paper does not discuss policy issues and the conclusions drawn in the paper are based on interpretation of results by the authors and in no way reflect the viewpoint of the funding agencies. GJS and BSN acknowledge the NERC SPHERES doctoral training programme for studentships and EN acknowledges support through the NERC SUNRISE project (“Sustainable use of natural Resources to Improve Human Health and Support Economic Development”; NE/R000131/1 ). All authors contributed to the discussion, writing and editing of the manuscript. Natural Environment Research Council, NERC: NE/R000131/1; Ministry of Earth Sciences, एमओईएस: MoES/16/19/2017/APHH, NE/P01643X/1, NE/P016502/1; Earth System Sciences Organization, Ministry of Earth Sciences, ईएसएसओ
Corresponding Author: Stewart, G.J.; Wolfson Atmospheric Chemistry Laboratories, United Kingdom; email: gs1065@york.ac.uk
Appears in Collections:Journal Publications [CE]

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