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Title: Studying the water crisis in Delhi due to rapid urbanisation and land use transformation
Authors: Biswas, Arindam
Gangwar D.
Published in: International Journal of Urban Sustainable Development
Abstract: The paper records the spatial dynamics and water consumption pattern through statistical and spatial evidence. The objective of this paper is to analyse the impact of land use land cover change on water demand and supply pattern of a rapidly growing urban region. The research analyses data from Census report, local governments and spatial data from remotely sensed images. The research finds rapid transformation of open land to the built-up area, particularly in the North-West, North, North-East, South-West and South districts. Inequality of water supply volume and supply pattern varies greatly between the districts. The city continues to experience water crisis such as water deficiency during the peak summer, groundwater degradation, water accessibility of slums and informal settlements. The findings will help the policymakers to comprehend the water crisis and consider appropriate mitigation strategies. © 2020 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.
Citation: International Journal of Urban Sustainable Development, 13(2): 199-213
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Taylor and Francis Ltd.
Keywords: groundwater
Land use
population density
spatio-temporal analysis
water inequality
water supply network
ISSN: 19463138
Author Scopus IDs: 57188827590
Author Affiliations: Biswas, A., Department of Architecture & Planning, IIT Roorkee, Roorkee, India
Gangwar, D., Faculty of Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation, University of Twente, Enschede, Netherlands
Funding Details: Shastri Indo-Canadian Institute, SICI: 2018-19; University of Waterloo, UW. River Yamuna, which bifurcates the city into two, attracts significant attention for revitalisation and rejuvenation by the Yamuna Action Plan (YAP) overseen by the central Government. ‘The Yamuna River project is an interdisciplinary program whose objective is to revitalise the ecology of the Yamuna River within Delhi’s periphery, thus reconnecting India’s capital city back to water’ (University of Virginia ). The third phase, YAP III, has been launched in 2013 after the completion of YAP I and YAP II, started in 1993. A total of eleven projects have been taken up by YAP to conserve river Yamuna. The Government of India launched YAP III with the financial assistance from the Japan International Cooperation Assistance (JICA) at an estimated cost of INR 16,560 million (USD 22.08 Million considering I USD = INR 75). Nine projects for Yamuna rejuvenation have been initiated in December 2018. Eight out of the nine projects focuses on creating sewerage infrastructure. The projects have been taken up in phases in different parts of Delhi (Delhi Greens ). We would like to thank the Shastri Indo-Canadian Institute for supporting this research through the Shastri Institutional Collaborative Research Grant (SICRG) 2018-19 and Dr Joe Qian, Associate Professor, Department of Planning, the University of Waterloo for endorsing this research call. We would also like to thank the anonymous reviewers and the editor for their valuable suggestions and comments to improve the paper. Our sincere appreciation goes to IIT Roorkee and its SPARK internship programme and the University of Waterloo for facilitating the research.
Corresponding Author: Biswas, A.; Department of Architecture Planning, India; email:
Appears in Collections:Journal Publications [AR]

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