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dc.contributor.authorVerma A.-
dc.contributor.authorKumar S.-
dc.contributor.authorBalomajumder, Chandrajit-
dc.identifier.citationDesalination and Water Treatment(2019), 170(): 239-252-
dc.description.abstractAll the experiments were performed in batch mode for biosorption of Ni2+ ions from aqueous solution using Sargassum filipendula. All the process parameters of Ni2+ ions biosorption was optimized by using response surface methodology. The effect of four independent variables temperature (20°C–40°C), pH (3–6), initial Ni2+ ions concentration (50–150 mg/L) and biosorbent dosage (1.0–2.5 g/L) on biosorption of Ni2+ ions were studied. The biosorbent was characterized by using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, field emission electron microscopy, and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. The optimized values of four variables were found as temperature of 41.5°C, initial Ni2+ ions concentration of 83.18 mg/L, biosorbent dosage of 1.97 g/L and pH of 5.4 which resulted in 68.45% removal of Ni2+ ions. The Redlich–Peterson isotherm model was found to be the best fitted to experimental data of Ni2+ ions biosorption with higher value of R2 and smaller value of ?q%. The best fitted kinetic model was noticed as pseudo-first-order kinetic model (R2 > 0.98) which shows that the rate limiting step was physisorption. Thermodynamic parameters (?G° = –0.097 to –4.060 kJ/mol, ?H° = 79.175 J/mol, ?S° = 0.270 J/mol K) of Ni2+ ions biosorption showed that the process was spontaneous, feasible and endothermic in nature. The biosorption and desorption efficiency were decreased up to 8.5% and 12%, respectively after four successive cycles. Therefore, the present study demonstrated that S. filipendula can be used as biosorbent for Ni2+ ions biosorption from the synthetic wastewater effectively and economically. © 2019 Desalination Publications. All rights reserved.-
dc.publisherDesalination Publications-
dc.relation.ispartofDesalination and Water Treatment-
dc.subjectResponse surface methodology-
dc.titleApplication of response surface methodology for the optimization of Ni2+ ions biosorption from aqueous solution using Sargassum filipendula-
dc.affiliationVerma, A., Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, Uttarakhand 247 667, India-
dc.affiliationKumar, S., Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, Uttarakhand 247 667, India-
dc.affiliationBalomajumder, C., Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, Uttarakhand 247 667, India-
dc.description.fundingThe authors would like to acknowledge Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India for the financial support and Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee for providing instruments.-
dc.description.correspondingauthorVerma, A.; Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology RoorkeeIndia; email:
Appears in Collections:Journal Publications [CH]

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