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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repository.iitr.ac.in/handle/123456789/1960
Title: Adsorption of zinc using tea factory waste: Kinetics, equilibrium and thermodynamics
Authors: Wasewar K.L.
Atif M.
Prasad B.
Mishra I.M.
Published in: Clean - Soil, Air, Water
Abstract: In India, the annual production of tea is ca. 857,000 tonnes, which is 27.4% of the total world production. The amount of tea factory waste (TFW) produced per annum after processing is ca. 190,400 tonnes. TFW can be used as a low cost adsorbent for the removal of toxic metals from the aqueous phase. An investigation was carried out to study the feasibility of the use of TFW as an adsorbent for the removal of the heavy metal, zinc. Equilibrium, kinetic and thermodynamic studies were reported. The straight line plot of log (qe-q) versus time t for the adsorption of zinc shows the validity of the Lagergren equation. The various steps involved in adsorbate transport from the solution to the surface of the adsorbent particles were dealt with by using a Weber-Morris plot, qe versus t0.5 for the TFW. The rate controlling parameters, kid,1 and kid,2, were determined and it was found that the macro-pore diffusion rate was much larger than micro-pore diffusion rate. A batch sorption model, which assumes the pseudo-second-order mechanism, was used to predict the rate constant of sorption, the equilibrium sorption capacity and the initial sorption rate with the effect of initial zinc (II) ion concentration. Equilibrium data obtained from the experiments were analyzed with various isotherms, i.e., Freundlich, Langmuir, Redlich-Peterson and Tempkin. The adsorption equilibrium was reached in 30 min and the adsorption data fitted well to all models. The maximum adsorption capacity of TFW for zinc (II) ions was determined to be 14.2 mg/g. The capacity of adsorption on Zn(II) increased with increasing temperatures and pH. The maximum uptake level of zinc was observed at pH of 4.2. The various thermodynamic parameters, i.e., ?G°, ?H° and ?S°, were estimated. The thermodynamics of the zinc ion/TFW system indicated a spontaneous, endothermic and random nature of the process. The results showed that the TFW, which has low economical value, is a suitable adsorbent for the removal of zinc (II) ions from aqueous solutions. © 2008 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Citation: Clean - Soil, Air, Water (2008), 36(3): 320-329
URI: https://doi.org/10.1002/clen.200700139
http://repository.iitr.ac.in/handle/123456789/1960
Issue Date: 2008
Keywords: Adsorption
Equilibrium
Error analysis
Kinetics
Tea factory waste (TFW)
Thermodynamics
Zinc
ISSN: 18630650
Author Scopus IDs: 6506156879
26324801600
15838004000
23668474600
Author Affiliations: Wasewar, K.L., Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee 247667 Uttarakhand, India
Atif, M., Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee 247667 Uttarakhand, India
Prasad, B., Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee 247667 Uttarakhand, India
Mishra, I.M., Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee 247667 Uttarakhand, India
Corresponding Author: Wasewar, K.L.; Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee 247667 Uttarakhand, India; email: k_wasewar@rediffmail.com
Appears in Collections:Journal Publications [CH]

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