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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repository.iitr.ac.in/handle/123456789/1955
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dc.contributor.authorWasewar K.L.-
dc.contributor.authorPrasad, Basheshwar Rajendra-
dc.contributor.authorGulipalli S.-
dc.date.accessioned2020-10-06T14:08:11Z-
dc.date.available2020-10-06T14:08:11Z-
dc.date.issued2009-
dc.identifier.citationClean - Soil, Air, Water (2009), 37(11): 872-883-
dc.identifier.issn18630650-
dc.identifier.urihttps://doi.org/10.1002/clen.200900188-
dc.identifier.urihttp://repository.iitr.ac.in/handle/123456789/1955-
dc.description.abstractThe present work involves the study of Se(IV) adsorption onto granular activated carbon (GAC) and powdered activated carbon (PAC). The adsorbents are coated with ferric chloride solution for the effective removal of selenium. The physico-chemical characterization of the adsorbents is carried out using standard methods, e.g., proximate analysis, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), thermo-gravimetric (TGA) and differential thermal analysis (DTA), etc. The FTIR spectra of the GAC and PAC indicate the presence of various types of functional groups, e.g., free and hydrogen bonded OH groups, silanol groups (Si-OH), alkenes, and CO group stretching from aldehydes and ketones on the surface of adsorbents. Batch experiments are carried out to determine the effect of various factors such as adsorbent dose (w), initial pH, contact time (t), and temperature (T) on the adsorption process. The optimum GAC and PAC dosage is found to be 10 g/L and 8 g/L, respectively, for Se(IV) removal with C0 = 100 mg/L. The percent removal of Se(IV) increases with increasing adsorbent concentration, while removal per unit weight of adsorbent increases with decreasing adsorbent concentration. Se(IV) adsorption onto both the GAC and PAC adsorbents is high at low pH values, and decreases with increased initial pH. The results obtained are analyzed by various kinetic models. The parameters of pseudo-first order, pseudo-second order kinetics, and Weber-Morris intra particle kinetics are determined. It is seen that the sorption kinetics of Se(IV) onto GAC and PAC can be best represented by the pseudo-second order kinetic model. © 2009 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.-
dc.language.isoen_US-
dc.relation.ispartofClean - Soil, Air, Water-
dc.subjectAdsorption-
dc.subjectBatch study-
dc.subjectGranular Activated Carbon (GAC)-
dc.subjectKinetics-
dc.subjectPowdered Activated Carbon (PAC)-
dc.subjectSelenium-
dc.subjectThermal degradation-
dc.titleRemoval of selenium by adsorption onto granular activated carbon (GAC) and powdered activated carbon (PAC)-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.scopusid6506156879-
dc.scopusid15838004000-
dc.scopusid34067559700-
dc.affiliationWasewar, K.L., Department of Chemical Engineering, Visveswarya National Institute of Technology (VNIT), Nagpur, Maharashtra, India-
dc.affiliationPrasad, B., Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Roorkee, Uttarakhand, India-
dc.affiliationGulipalli, S., Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Roorkee, Uttarakhand, India-
dc.description.correspondingauthorWasewar, K. L.; Department of Chemical Engineering, Visveswarya National Institute of Technology (VNIT), Nagpur - 440010, Maharashtra, India; email: k_wasewar@rediffmail.com-
Appears in Collections:Journal Publications [CH]

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