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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repository.iitr.ac.in/handle/123456789/1948
Title: Physicochemical and thermal characteristics of the sludge produced after thermochemical treatment of petrochemical wastewater
Authors: Verma S.
Prasad, Basheshwar Rajendra
Mishra I.M.
Published in: Environmental Technology (United Kingdom)
Abstract: The present work describes the physicochemical and thermal characteristics of the sludge generated after thermochemical treatment of wastewater from a petrochemical plant manufacturing purified terephthalic acid (PTA). Although FeCl3 was found to be more effective than CuSO4 in removing COD from wastewater, the settling and filtration characteristics of FeCl3 sludge were poorer. Addition of cationic polyacrylamide (CPAA; 0.050 kg/m3) to the FeCl3 wastewater system greatly improved the values of the filter characteristics of specific cake resistance (1.2×108 m/kg) and resistance of filter medium (9.9×108 m1) from the earlier values of 1.9×109 m/kg and 1.7×108 m1, respectively. SEM-EDAX and FTIR studies were undertaken, to understand the sludge structure and composition, respectively. The moisture distribution in the CuSO4 sludge, FeCl3 sludge and FeCl3+CPAA sludge showed that the amount of bound water content in the CuSO4 and FeCl3+CPAA sludges is less than that of the FeCl3 sludge and there was a significant reduction in the solid-water bond strength of FeCl3+CPAA sludge, which was responsible for better settling and filtration characteristics. Due to the hazardous nature of the sludge, land application is not a possible route of disposal. The thermal degradation behaviour of the sludge was studied for its possible use as a co-fuel. The studies showed that degradation behaviour of the sludge was exothermic in nature. Because of the exothermic nature of the sludge, it can be used in making fuel briquettes or it can be disposed of via wet air oxidation. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.
Citation: Environmental Technology (United Kingdom) (2012), 33(15): 1789-1801
URI: https://doi.org/10.1080/09593330.2011.646316
http://repository.iitr.ac.in/handle/123456789/1948
Issue Date: 2012
Keywords: Bound water
FTIR
SEM
Settling-filtration
ISSN: 9593330
Author Scopus IDs: 15841096500
15838004000
23668474600
Author Affiliations: Verma, S., Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, 247667, India
Prasad, B., Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, 247667, India
Mishra, I.M., Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, 247667, India
Corresponding Author: Prasad, B.; Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, 247667, India; email: bashefch@iitr.ernet.in
Appears in Collections:Journal Publications [CH]

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