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Title: Discharge equation for the gabion weir under through flow condition
Authors: Shariq A.
Hussain A.
Ahmad, Zulfequar
Published in: Flow Measurement and Instrumentation
Abstract: A gabion weir is considered to be more environmentally friendly as compared to an impermeable weir, as its permeability allows substances and aquatic life to pass through it. Also, gabion weirs offer an alternative design with low afflux that could be adopted for flash flood mitigation. In the present study, a series of laboratory experiments were performed on flow through gabion weir of various sizes and for varying boulder sizes and discharges. Collected data were used to check the accuracy of the existing relationships between hydraulic gradient and flow velocity for highly porous material like gabion filled with boulders. It is found that Ergun's equation predicts the hydraulic gradient more accurately than the other available equation. Ergun's equation is extended to calculate the flow through the gabion weir. The derived discharge equation for flow through gabion weir was validated with the collected data. A qualitative performance of the present model indicates that it has the highest coefficient of correlation (R = 0.956) and the lowest MAPE (16.902), RMSE (0.002), AAD (15.52). It was found that the derived equation computes discharge within a maximum of ±10% error for almost all data sets, which can be considered satisfactory from practical consideration. Sensitivity analysis reveals that the discharge through the gabion weir is more sensitive to the boulders diameter and upstream depth as compared to the downstream depth of the gabion weir.
Citation: Flow Measurement and Instrumentation(2020), 74
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Keywords: Discharge
Gabion weir
Hydraulic gradient
Through flow
Flow velocity
Porous materials
Sensitivity analysis
Alternative designs
Coefficient of correlation
Discharge equations
Ergun's equation
Flow condition
Highly porous materials
Hydraulic gradients
Laboratory experiments
ISSN: 9555986
Author Scopus IDs: 57197807976
Author Affiliations: Shariq, A., Department of Civil Engineering, Zakir Hussain College of Engineering & Technology, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, UP 202002, India
Hussain, A., Department of Civil Engineering, Zakir Hussain College of Engineering & Technology, Aligarh
Corresponding Author: Shariq, A.; Department of Civil Engineering, India; email:
Appears in Collections:Journal Publications [CE]

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