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Title: Recovery of vanadium(V) from synthetic and real leach solutions of spent catalyst by solvent extraction using Cyphos IL 104
Authors: Mahandra H.
Singh R.
Gupta B.
Published in: Hydrometallurgy
Abstract: This study addresses the extraction and recovery of vanadium(V) from synthetic and real leach solution of spent V O catalyst using Cyphos IL 104. Vanadium(V) is extracted as [(R R′P ) H V O ] in Cyphos IL 104 and stripped from the loaded organic phase as VO using HNO as a stripping agent. The extractant is recyclable up to several cycles and shows high loading capacity. Vanadium(V) was separated from aluminium(III), titanium(IV), chromium(III), manganese(II), iron(II)/(III), molybdenum(VI) and tungsten(VI) with good separation factors. Metals were leached from spent catalyst using alkaline leaching. McCabe-Thiele plots indicated two stages for both extraction and stripping at A/O and O/A = 3/1. Vanadium is finally recovered as V O from the strip liquor and characterized by XRD, FE-SEM and EDX techniques.
Citation: Hydrometallurgy(2020), 196
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Keywords: Cyphos IL 104
McCabe–Thiele diagrams
Spent V2O5 catalyst
Chromium compounds
Iron compounds
Manganese compounds
Molybdenum compounds
Solvent extraction
Titanium compounds
Tungsten compounds
Vanadium dioxide
Vanadium metallography
Vanadium pentoxide
Alkaline l
ISSN: 0304386X
Author Scopus IDs: 56193939400
Author Affiliations: Mahandra, H., Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, Uttarakhand 247667, India
Singh, R., Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, Uttarakhand 247667, India
Gupta, B., Department of
Funding Details: Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, IITR.Formation of polyoxovanadate is supported by the over stoichiometrical extraction of vanadium in the present study..Authors are grateful to Cytec Inc. Netherlands for giving Cyphos IL 104. Harshit Mahandra thanks IIT Roorkee , India for providing financial support (Grant No. MHR-01-23-200-428 ).
Corresponding Author: Gupta, B.; Department of Chemistry, India; email:
Appears in Collections:Journal Publications [CY]

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