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Title: Studying Operational Dynamics of Public Bus System: A Case of Lucknow City, India
Authors: Dev M.
Biswas, Arindam
Ulengin F.
Patil G.R.
Ozaydin O.
Tavasszy L.
Verma A.
Published in: Proceedings of Transportation Research Procedia
2019 World Conference Transport Research, WCTR 2019
Abstract: In the era of rapid urbanization, the public bus system is struggling to become the main mode of transport in Indian cities. The co-existence of private city bus system and intermediate para-transit modes [shared auto-rickshaws, vikrams (6-8 seater shared 3-wheeler) and e-rickshaws] has created more competition for the public bus system instead of complementing it. This paper discusses the existing institutional arrangement of public bus systems in Lucknow city and identifies the challenges of organizations to operate an efficient public bus system. The study is based on primary survey and structured interviews of public bus service operators, representatives of private bus operators, representatives of employee unions, auto-rickshaw & vikram drivers, officials of public transport authority and Regional Transport Office (RTO). The study explores public bus governance system and administrative hierarchy of the city to understand its existing operational process. The role of travel cost and comfort in passenger’s choice of travel mode is discussed. The financial performance of the LCTSL shows the continuous losses. The paper contributes to identify the role of institutional framework to operate a successful public bus system. The analysis and findings will lead to the use of these modes in an integrated manner to complement and promote public bus system in a city.
Citation: Proceedings of Transportation Research Procedia, 2020, 3211- 3222
Issue Date: 2020
Keywords: auto-rickshaws
financial performance
institutional framework
Public bus
travel cost
ISSN: 23521457
Author Scopus IDs: 57218458450
Author Affiliations: Dev, M., Department of Architecture and Planning, Iit Roorkee, Roorkee, 247667, India
Biswas, A., Department of Architecture and Planning, Iit Roorkee, Roorkee, 247667, India
Funding Details: The impact of providing subsidies to the users can impact a widening gap between the operating revenue and the operational expenditure of the public bus service providers. Public transport service providers are either government-owned public transport authority or the external operators under contract with the public transport authority. Public transport authorities and the external operators under contract with these authorities have the support of the government in the form of viability gap funding in case of financial losses. Subsidies can be given to the operators and is classified as a supply tool to the operator’s subsidies. It can be in the form of fuel tax rebate, conditional direct operating subsidies, infrastructure grants, and unconditional operating & capital subsidies (Serebrisky et al., 2009). These kind of subsidies minimize financial losses of the operators.
Corresponding Author: Dev, M.; Department of Architecture and Planning, India; email:
Appears in Collections:Conference Publications [AR]

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