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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repository.iitr.ac.in/handle/123456789/18835
Title: Structural and non-structural seismic vulnerability assessment for schools and hospitals based on questionnaire surveys: Case studies in central America and India
Authors: Lang D.H.
Verbicaro M.I.
Singh Y.
Prasad J.S.R.
Diaz D.W.
Gutièrrez M.
Published in: Proceedings of 9th US National and 10th Canadian Conference on Earthquake Engineering 2010, Including Papers from the 4th International Tsunami Symposium
Abstract: As numerous earthquake disasters in recent years have shown, the integrity of schools and hospital buildings is of utmost importance. For hospitals and health centers this holds especially true since these facilities have to remain fully operational in order to protect the lives of patients and health workers as well as to provide emergency care and medical treatment in the aftermath of the disaster. Even though possible direct economic losses caused by earthquake damage to school buildings are comparably low, every effort should be made to increase the seismic safety of schools in order to prevent damage and to protect pupils from harm. A fast and cost-effective procedure is proposed in order to assess the structural and non-structural seismic vulnerability of hospitals and schools. Through the application of standardized questionnaires, both a structural and nonstructural vulnerability index are derived which allow a priority ranking and an identification of the most vulnerable features so that responsible authorities are able to conduct a more targeted investigation using more advanced investigation methods. In contrast to other available approaches, structural and non-structural vulnerability are treated separately. While the structural vulnerability index is generated taking into account main design failures as well as the age of the building and its general state of maintenance, the non-structural vulnerability index covers all types of installations, secondary structural elements as well as their impact on the functionality of the building. To optimize a realistic selection of survey questions, the questionnaires have been applied to numerous hospitals and school buildings in Northern India and the Central American countries Guatemala, Nicaragua and El Salvador. Based on these results and the experiences gained during these case studies, a calibration of the questionnaires was done through the definition of reliable weighting factors for the different vulnerability-affecting aspects.
Citation: Proceedings of 9th US National and 10th Canadian Conference on Earthquake Engineering 2010, Including Papers from the 4th International Tsunami Symposium, (2010), 5875- 5884. Toronto, ON
URI: http://repository.iitr.ac.in/handle/123456789/18835
Issue Date: 2010
Keywords: Central America
Design failures
Direct economic loss
Earthquake damages
Earthquake disaster
El Salvador
Emergency care
Fully operational
Guatemala
Health centers
Hospital buildings
Medical treatment
Nicaragua
Questionnaire surveys
Seismic safety
Seismic vulnerability
Structural elements
Structural vulnerability
Vulnerability index
Weighting factors
Civil engineering
Engineering geology
Hospitals
Losses
Patient treatment
School buildings
Seismology
Societies and institutions
Tsunamis
Surveys
ISBN: 9781617388446
Author Scopus IDs: 24471816900
55378140800
36101951700
55634973700
57193624647
57196598858
Author Affiliations: Lang, D.H., NORSAR, International Centre of Geohazards (ICG), 2027 Kjeller, Norway
Verbicaro, M.I., Department of Civil Engineering, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Naples, Italy
Singh, Y., Department of Earthquake Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee (IITR), India
Prasad, J.S.R., Department of Earthquake Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee (IITR), India
Diaz, D.W., Universidad Tecnología de Panama, Panama City, Panama
Gutièrrez, M., Universidad de El Salvador (UES), San Salvador, El Salvador
Corresponding Author: Lang, D.H.; NORSAR, International Centre of Geohazards (ICG), 2027 Kjeller, Norway
Appears in Collections:Conference Publications [EQ]

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