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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repository.iitr.ac.in/handle/123456789/18695
Title: Water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) sustainability assessment and its impact on the human Development index (HDI) in Kailahun district of Sierra Leone
Authors: Kansal M.L.
Cole P.C.I.
Scott G.F.
Hamilton W.
Published in: Proceedings of World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2019: Emerging and Innovative Technologies and International Perspectives - Selected Papers from the World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2019
Abstract: Water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) services contribute to the life expectancy rate, education rate, income level, and hence improve the human development index (HDI). Countries like Sierra Leone in the western part of Africa are facing the problem of low HDI. Kailahun, one of the districts in the eastern part of Sierra Leone, has faced the widespread destruction during and after the eleven years of civil war and thereafter the natural disasters. In order to improve the public health, the government is struggling to implement an effective WASH strategy. This study highlights the existing WASH conditions in the Kailahun District of Sierra Leone. An attempt has been made to assess its sustainability as well as the customer’s satisfaction with the WASH-related services. Wash sustainability index (WASH_SI) is assessed using the financial, institutional, management, and technological indicators. These indicators influence the social, economy, and environment of the district, which are the basis of sustainable development. The customer’s satisfaction is assessed through a modified SERVQUAL model in terms of reliability, responsiveness, assurance, tangibles, and empathy. A Google-based questionnaire has been carried out to collect information about the existing WASH conditions in the district. The questionnaire consists of 31 questions related to WASH sustainability and 22 questions related to customer’s satisfaction. The HDI is assessed based on life expectancy, education rate, and the income level of the people in the districts. It is found to be 0.419, which is termed as low. The probable reasons for such a low HDI in Kailahun District are due to the widespread destruction during and after the eleven years of civil war that have led to massive poverty among the people, widespread malnutrition, high infant and child mortality rates, low life expectancy, deficient infrastructure, poor educational system, and insufficient availability of basic medical facilities. In order to improve this HDI, it is suggested that the government should adopt certain measures to increase the gross national income per head, improve the health infrastructure and the educational standard of the people in the districts. © ASCE.
Citation: Proceedings of World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2019: Emerging and Innovative Technologies and International Perspectives - Selected Papers from the World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2019, (2019), 25- 39
URI: http://repository.iitr.ac.in/handle/123456789/18695
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
Keywords: Customer satisfaction index (CSI)
Human development index (HDI)
Open defecation (OD)
Sanitation and hygiene (WASH)
Sustainability index (SI)
Water
Water quality index (WQI)
ISBN: 9780000000000
Author Scopus IDs: 6602727475
57209285308
Author Affiliations: Kansal, M.L., Water Resources Development and Management, IIT, Roorkee, India
Cole, P.C.I., Ministry of Water Resources, Freetown, Sierra Leone, Sierra Leone, WRD and M, IIT, Roorkee, 247667, India
Appears in Collections:Conference Publications [WR]

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