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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repository.iitr.ac.in/handle/123456789/1539
Title: Antibacterial activity and mechanism of Ag-ZnO nanocomposite on S. aureus and GFP-expressing antibiotic resistant E. coli
Authors: Matai I.
Sachdev A.
Dubey P.
Uday Kumar S.
Bhushan B.
Gopinath, Packirisamy
Published in: Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces
Abstract: Emergence of multi-resistant organisms (MROs) leads to ineffective treatment with the currently available medications which pose a great threat to public health and food technology sectors. In this regard, there is an urgent need to strengthen the present therapies or to look over for other potential alternatives like use of "metal nanocomposites". Thus, the present study focuses on synthesis of silver-zinc oxide (Ag-ZnO) nanocomposites which will have a broad-spectrum antibacterial activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Ag-ZnO nanocomposites of varied molar ratios were synthesized by simple microwave assisted reactions in the absence of surfactants. The crystalline behavior, composition and morphological analysis of the prepared powders were evaluated by X-ray diffraction, infrared spectroscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) and atomic absorption spectrophotometry (AAS). Particle size measurements were carried out by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Staphylococcus aureus and recombinant green fluorescent protein (GFP) expressing antibiotic resistant Escherichia coli were selected as Gram-positive and Gram-negative model systems respectively and the bactericidal activity of Ag-ZnO nanocomposite was studied. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum killing concentration (MKC) of the nanocomposite against the model systems were determined by visual turbidity analysis and optical density analysis. Qualitative and quantitative assessments of its antibacterial effects were performed by fluorescent microscopy, fluorescent spectroscopy and Gram staining measurements. Changes in cellular morphology were examined by atomic force microscopy (AFM), FE-SEM and TEM. Finally, on the basis of the present investigation and previously published reports, a plausible antibacterial mechanism of Ag-ZnO nanocomposites was proposed. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
Citation: Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces(2014), 115(): 359-367
URI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfb.2013.12.005
http://repository.iitr.ac.in/handle/123456789/1539
Issue Date: 2014
Keywords: Antibacterial mechanism
Bactericidal
Multi-resistant organisms
Nanocomposites
Nanoparticles
ISSN: 9277765
Author Scopus IDs: 55580357700
55853618300
56830630100
55991841000
55553734432
56242963200
Author Affiliations: Matai, I., Nanobiotechnology Laboratory, Centre for Nanotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, Uttarakhand 247667, India
Sachdev, A., Nanobiotechnology Laboratory, Centre for Nanotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, R
Funding Details: Our sincere thanks to Department of Science and Technology (Water Technology Initiative), Uttarakhand State Biotechnology Department , and Ministry of Human Resource Development (Faculty Initiation Grant, IIT Roorkee), Government of India , for the financ
Corresponding Author: Gopinath, P.; Nanobiotechnology Laboratory, Centre for Nanotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, Uttarakhand 247667, India; email: pgopifnt@iitr.ernet.in
Appears in Collections:Journal Publications [BT]

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