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Title: Trend analysis of climatic variables in an arid and semi-arid region of the Ajmer District, Rajasthan, India
Authors: Pingale S.M.
Khare, Deepak
Jat M.K.
Adamowski J.
Published in: Journal of Water and Land Development
Abstract: In the present study, trends and variations in climatic variables (i.e. rainfall, wet day frequency, surface temperature, diurnal temperature, cloud cover, and reference and potential evapotranspiration) were analyzed on seasonal (monsoon and non-monsoon) and annual time scales for the Ajmer District of Rajasthan, India. This was done using non-parametric statistical techniques, i.e. the Mann-Kendall (MK) and Modified Mann-Kendall (MMK) tests, over a period of 100 years. The MK test with prewhitening (MK-PW) of climatic series was also applied to climatic variables and the results were compared to those obtained through the MK and MMK tests in order to assess the performance of trend detection methods. The Pettitt-Mann-Whitney (PMW) test was applied to detect the temporal shift in climatic series. The trend analysis revealed that annual and seasonal rainfall did not show any statistically significant trend at a 10% significant level. A noticeable trend increase was found in wet day frequency, surface temperature and reference evapotranspiration (ET) during the non-monsoon season from the three non-parametric statistical tests at a 10% significance level. A statistically significant decrease in maximum temperature was found during the non-monsoon season by the MK-PW test alone. This analysis of several climatic variables at the district scale is helpful for the planning and management of water resources and the development of adaptation strategies in adverse climatic conditions. © 2016 Santosh M. Pingale et al.
Citation: Journal of Water and Land Development (2016), 28(1): 3-18
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Institute for Land Reclamation and Grassland Farming
Keywords: Mann-Kendall test
modified Mann-Kendall test
Pettitt-Mann-Whitney test
Sen's slope
ISSN: 14297426
Author Scopus IDs: 55921235700
Author Affiliations: Pingale, S.M., Arba Minch University, Department of Water Resources and Irrigation Engineering, Arba Minch, Ethiopia
Khare, D., Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Department of Water Resources Development and Management, Roorkee, 247 667 (UA), India
Jat, M.K., Malaviya National Institute of Technology, Department of Civil Engineering, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
Adamowski, J., McGill University, Faculty of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Department of Bioresource EngineeringQC H9X 3V9, Canada
Appears in Collections:Journal Publications [WR]

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