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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repository.iitr.ac.in/handle/123456789/15083
Title: Interrelationship of rainfall, temperature and reference evapotranspiration trends and their net response to the climate change in Central India
Authors: Kundu S.
Khare, Deepak
Mondal A.
Published in: Theoretical and Applied Climatology
Abstract: The monthly rainfall data from 1901 to 2011 and maximum and minimum temperature data from 1901 to 2005 are used along with the reference evapotranspiration (ET0) to analyze the climate trend of 45 stations of Madhya Pradesh. ET0 is calculated by the Hargreaves method from 1901 to 2005 and the computed data is then used for trend analysis. The temporal variation and the spatial distribution of trend are studied for seasonal and annual series with the Mann-Kendall (MK) test and Sen’s estimator of slope. The percentage of change is used to find the rate of change in 111 years (rainfall) and 105 years (temperatures and ET0). Interrelationships among these variables are analyzed to see the dependency of one variable on the other. The results indicate a decreasing rainfall and increasing temperatures and ET0 trend. A similar pattern is noticeable in all seasons except for monsoon season in temperature and ET0 trend analysis. The highest increase of temperature is noticed during post-monsoon and winter. Rainfall shows a notable decrease in the monsoon season. The entire state of Madhya Pradesh is considered as a single unit, and the calculation of overall net change in the amount of the rainfall, temperatures (maximum and minimum) and ET0 is done to estimate the total loss or gain in monthly, seasonal and annual series. The results show net loss or deficit in the amount of rainfall and the net gain or excess in the temperature and ET0 amount. © 2016, Springer-Verlag Wien.
Citation: Theoretical and Applied Climatology (2017), 130(43894): 879-900
URI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00704-016-1924-5
http://repository.iitr.ac.in/handle/123456789/15083
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Springer-Verlag Wien
ISSN: 0177798X
Author Scopus IDs: 56185410500
14060295600
56185631400
Author Affiliations: Kundu, S., Department of Water Resources Development & Management, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, India
Khare, D., Department of Water Resources Development & Management, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, India
Mondal, A., Department of Water Resources Development & Management, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, India
Funding Details: Acknowledgments The authors are thankful to the Indian Water Portal for the data, to the University Grant Commission (UGC) for the financial support, to the National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC) for the satellite data, to the Trade and Industry of Japan (
Corresponding Author: Kundu, S.; Department of Water Resources Development & Management, Indian Institute of TechnologyIndia; email: sanandakundu@gmail.com
Appears in Collections:Journal Publications [WR]

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