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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repository.iitr.ac.in/handle/123456789/14965
Title: Analysis of spatial and temporal variation in rainfall trend of Madhya Pradesh, India (1901–2011)
Authors: Kundu S.
Khare, Deepak
Mondal A.
Mishra P.K.
Published in: Environmental Earth Sciences
Abstract: Monthly rainfall data from 1901 to 2011 for 45 stations of Madhya Pradesh were used to analyze the changed rainfall trend of the region. Spatial distribution and temporal variation of rainfall were observed in the seasonal and annual series. Mann–Kendall test and Sen’s slope were used in the study for the trend analysis. Standard normal homogeneity test and Mann–Whitney–Pettitt test were applied for detection of break point in the series. Change percentage was calculated for seasonal and annual series for 111 years. Trend analysis was then done by dividing the entire series into two divisions before and after the break point. The impact of extreme events of rainfall on the trend was evaluated on the whole and partial series (before and after the break point). Variation in the spatial distribution of annual and monsoon rainfall was observed, which showed decreasing trend. The probable break point in the series was 1978 and extreme negative event of rainfall became frequent in the years after the break point from 1979 to 2011. The annual decrease of −6.75 % of rainfall is observed from 1901 to 2011. © 2015, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
Citation: Environmental Earth Sciences (2015), 73(12): 8197-8216
URI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-014-3978-y
http://repository.iitr.ac.in/handle/123456789/14965
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Keywords: Change percentage
Extreme event
Mann–Kendall test
Mann–Whitney–Pettitt test
Rainfall trend
ISSN: 18666280
Author Scopus IDs: 56185410500
14060295600
56185631400
57201865282
Author Affiliations: Kundu, S., Department of Water Resources Development and Management, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, India
Khare, D., Department of Water Resources Development and Management, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, India
Mondal, A., Department of Water Resources Development and Management, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, India
Mishra, P.K., Water Resources Systems Division, National Institute of Hydrology, Roorkee, India
Corresponding Author: Kundu, S.; Department of Water Resources Development and Management, Indian Institute of TechnologyIndia; email: sanandakundu@gmail.com
Appears in Collections:Journal Publications [WR]

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